Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 233–242 | Cite as

Acts of Childhood Sexual Abuse: An Empirically Derived Typology

  • Steven N. Gold
  • Janine M. Swingle
  • Erica L. Hill
  • Arian S. Elfant


A clinical sample of 165 women survivors in outpatient therapy was surveyed about whether their childhood sexual abuse (CSA) included each of 17 sexual acts. Factor analysis of these acts was conducted. A typology of CSA acts consisting of three factors emerged. Inspection of the acts loading on each factor suggested that they differed primarily in terms of the type of abuse of power implied by them rather than in the nature of the sexual behavior involved. The three factors were named Coerced Complicance (Coercion), Subjugation and Humiliation (Subjugation) and Invasive Objectification (Objectification). Implications for research, theory, and clinical practice, and the need for evaluating the generalizability of the typology to other subpopulations of survivors, are discussed.

child abuse sexual abuse typology 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven N. Gold
  • Janine M. Swingle
  • Erica L. Hill
  • Arian S. Elfant

There are no affiliations available

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