Sociological Forum

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 137–164 | Cite as

Home-to-Work Conflict, Work Qualities, and Emotional Distress

  • Scott SchiemanEmail author
  • Debra Branch McBrier
  • Karen Van Gundy


Among a representative sample of employed men and women in Toronto, Canada, home-to-work conflict is associated positively with anxiety and depression. Two hypotheses propose work qualities as moderators. The double disadvantage hypothesis predicts that home-to-work conflict is more distressing when work is nonautonomous, routine, or noxious. The intrusion on job status/rewards hypothesis predicts that conflict is more distressing when work is autonomous, nonroutine, or nonnoxious. Results show that the association between home-to-work conflict and distress is stronger (1) among people in more autonomous jobs; (2) among women in routinized jobs; and (3) among men in noxious environments.

interrole conflict depression anxiety job autonomy job routinization job noxiousness gender home–work spillover 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott Schieman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Debra Branch McBrier
    • 2
  • Karen Van Gundy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of MarylandCollege Park
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlington
  3. 3.Department of SociologyUniversity of New HampshireDurham

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