Social Justice Research

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 341–364 | Cite as

The Twelve Tribes' Communities, the Anti-Cult Movement, and Government's Response

  • Jean A. Swantko


The Twelve Tribes Messianic Communities are approximately 25 communities ranging in size from 30 to 120, on four continents. Since their inception 25 years ago, they have been plagued by continual attacks of the Anti-Cult Movement (ACM), originally in North America, but in recent years also in Europe. These believers live a common life of sharing in Communities according to the pattern they perceive in Acts 2 and 4 in the Bible. Despite repeated vindication in the courts, Twelve Tribes' members continue to battle to maintain the right to parent their children according to their beliefs, outside the mainstream popular culture. Antireligionists have effectively influenced governments to act against these parents, based on information that has not proved to be trustworthy evidence in court.

Twelve Tribes Island Pond Canada France Germany Anti-Cult Movement children 


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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean A. Swantko

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