Right Stereoisomers for Sex Pheromone Components of the Apple Leafminer, Lyonetia prunifoliella, in Korea
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The sex pheromone of the American population of Lyonetia prunifoliella (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) was reported to be composed of three components, 10,14-dimethyloctadec-1-ene (10me14me-1-ene-18Hy), 5,9-dimethyloctadecane (5me9me-18Hy), and 5,9-dimethylheptadecane (5me9me-17Hy). Studies with a Korean population showed that the 10S,14S isomer of the major compound was the major electrophysiologically by active stereoisomer. The 5S,9S isomers of the minar constituents also elicited electrophysiological responses. In field trappings, among the three components, the racemic mixture of 10me14me-1-ene-18Hy attracted L. prunifoliella males strongly, and the binary or tertiary combinations with racemic mixtures of the other two components did not increase trap catches. Among the four stereoisomers of 10me14me-1-ene-18Hy, only the 10S,14S isomer attracted L. prunifoliella males, as suggested by the EAG test, and attraction to the other three isomers was not observed. All stereoisomers of each minor component, as well as their racemic components, did not seem to have any additional effect on male attraction in Korea.
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