Advertisement

Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 24, Issue 24, pp 2047–2051 | Cite as

Biodegradation of phenols by microalgae

  • Gabriele Pinto
  • Antonino Pollio
  • Lucio Previtera
  • Fabio Temussi
Article

Abstract

Two green microalgae, Ankistrodesmus braunii and Scenedesmus quadricauda, degraded phenols (each tested at 400 mg ml−1) selected from olive-oil mill wastewaters, within 5 days, with a removal greater than 70%. Green algae may, therefore, represent an alternative to other biological treatment used for the biodegradation of phenol-containing wastewaters.

biodegradation microalgae phenols 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Capasso R, Evidente A, Schivo L, Orru G, Marcialis MA, Cristinzio R (1995) Antibacterial polyphenols from olive oil mill waste waters. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 79: 393–398.Google Scholar
  2. Della Greca M, Fiorentino A, Pinto G, Pollio A, Previtera L (1996) Regiospecific reduction of adrenosterone to 11-ketosterone by microalga T76 Scenedesmus quadricauda. Biotechnol. Lett. 18: 639–642.Google Scholar
  3. Della Greca M, Monaco P, Pinto G, Pollio A, Previtera L, Temussi F (2001) Phytotoxicity of low-molecular-weight phenols from olive mill waste waters. B. Environ. Contam. Tox. 67: 352–359.Google Scholar
  4. Della Greca M, Monaco P, Pollio A, Previtera L (1992) Structure activity relationships of phenylpropanoids as growth inhibitors of the green alga Selenastrum capricornutum. Phytochemistry 31: 4119–4123.Google Scholar
  5. Guiraud P, Steiman R, Ait-Laydi F, Seigle-Murandi F (1999) Degradation of phenolic and chloroaromatic compounds by Coprinus spp. Chemosphere 38: 2775–2789.Google Scholar
  6. Hoffmann JP (1998) Wastewater treatment with suspended and nonsuspended algae. J. Phycol. 34: 757–763.Google Scholar
  7. Kahru A, Reiman R, Ratsep A (1998) The efficiency of different phenol-degrading bacteria, and activatd sludges in detoxification of phenolic leachates. Chemosphere 37: 301–318.Google Scholar
  8. Knupp G, Rücker G, Ramos-Cormenzana A, Garrido Hoyos S, Neugebauer M, Ossenkop T (1996) Problems of identifying phenolic compounds during the microbial degradation of olive mill wastewater. Intern. Biodeter. Biodegr. 277–282.Google Scholar
  9. Pollio A, Pinto G, Ligrone R, Aliotta G (1993) Effects of the potential allelochemical ?-asarone on growth, physiology and ultrastructure of two unicellular green algae. J. Appl. Phycol. 5: 395–403.Google Scholar
  10. Semple KT, Cain RB, Schmidt S (1999) Biodegradation of aromatic compounds bymicroalgae. FEMSMicrobiol. Lett. 170: 291–300.Google Scholar
  11. Talbot P, de la Noûe J (1993) Tertiary treatment of wastewater with Phormidium bohneri (Schmidle) under various light and temperature conditions. Water Res. 2: 153–159.Google Scholar
  12. van den Hoeck C, Mann DG, Jahns HM (1995) Algae. An Introduction to Phycology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriele Pinto
    • 1
  • Antonino Pollio
    • 1
  • Lucio Previtera
    • 1
  • Fabio Temussi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia VegetaleUniversità Federico IINapoliItaly

Personalised recommendations