An electrochemical investigation of the suppression of silver dissolution in aqueous cyanide by 2-mercaptobenzothiazole
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Triangular potential sweep voltammetry, potentiokinetic generation of polarization curves, and coupon corrosion tests have been carried out to determine the influence of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) on the dissolution of silver in cyanide solutions at pH 11. MBT has been shown to be an effective inhibitor for silver dissolution at concentrations similar to those used when MBT is applied as a flotation collector. The inhibition efficiency (i.e., [1 – the ratio of the corrosion rates in the presence and absence of MBT], expressed as a percentage) in 10−2 and 10−3 mol dm−3 CN was found to increase with increase in MBT concentration in the range 10−6 to 10−4 mol dm−3, and with increase in time of exposure of the silver to the MBT solution. The inhibition efficiency found for 10−4 mol dm−3 MBT in quiescent 10−2 mol dm−3 CN− solution at 23 °C was 98.9%, 99.4% and 99.99% for exposure times of 10 min, 2 h and 5 days, respectively. Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy showed that inhibition was associated with adsorption of MBT displacing cyanide from the silver surface.
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