Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 40, Issue 5–6, pp 163–174 | Cite as

The Origin and Genetic Diversity of Chinese Native Chicken Breeds

  • Dong Niu
  • Yan Fu
  • Jing Luo
  • Hui Ruan
  • Xu-Ping Yu
  • Gong Chen
  • Ya-Ping Zhang

Abstract

The first 539 bases of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region of six Chinese native chicken breeds (Gallus gallus domesticus) were sequenced and compared to those of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), the gray junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii), the green junglefowl (Gallus varius) and Lafayette's junglefowl (Gallus lafayettei) reported in GenBank, and the phylogenetic trees for the chickens were constructed based on the D-loop sequences. The results showed that the four species of the genus Gallus had great differences among each other, the G. g. domesticus was closest to the red junglefowl in Thailand and its adjacent regions, suggesting the Chinese domestic fowl probably originated from the red junglefowl in these regions. The two subs pecies of Thailand, G. g. gallus and G. g. spadiceus, should belong to one subspecies because of their resemblance. In the case of native breeds, there existed a great difference between the egg breeds and general purpose breeds, which suggested different maternal origins of the two types.

Chinese native chicken breeds junglefowl mitochondrial D-loop sequence genetic diversity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Akishinonomiya, F., Miyake, T., Sumi, S., Takada, M., Ohno, S., and Kondo, N. (1994). One subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus gallus) suffices as the matriarchic ancestor of all domestic breeds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:12505.Google Scholar
  2. Akishinonomiya, F., Miyake, T., Takada, M., Shingu, R., Endo, T., Gojobori, T., Kondo, N., and Ohno, S. (1996). Monophyletic origin and unique dispersal patterns of domestic fowl. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:6792.Google Scholar
  3. Avise, J. C., Arnold, J., Ball, R. M., Bermingham, E., Lamb, T., Neigel, J. E., Reeb, C. A., and Saunders, N. C. (1987). Intraspecific phylogeography: The mitochondrial DNA bridge between population genetics and systematics. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 18:489.Google Scholar
  4. Cheng, G. C., Liu, K. F., Zhang, Q., Wang, L., Duan, Z. X., Li, X. Y., Liu, R. S., and Yu, Q. (1996). Studies on genetic relationship between red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) and domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus). Acta Genetica Sinica 23:96.Google Scholar
  5. Desjardins, P., and Morais, R. (1990). Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. A novel gene order in higher vertebrates. J. Mol. Biol. 212:599.Google Scholar
  6. Glaus, K. R., Zassenhause, H. P., Fechheimer, N. S., and Perlman, P. S. (1980). Avian mtDNA: Structure, organization and evolution. In Kroon, A. M., and Saceon, C. (eds.), The Organization and Expression of the Mitochondrial Genome, North-Holland Publishing, Amsterdam, pp. 131-135.Google Scholar
  7. Li, X. Y., Cheng, G. C., Duan, Z. X., Zhang, Q., Liu, K. F., Wang, L., and Qi, H. S. (1996). Analysis on blood-group gene population genetics and plasma protein polymorphism of white layer. Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica 27:142.Google Scholar
  8. Liu, K. F., and Cheng, G. C. (1997). Analysis of plasma protein polymorphism in red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) and domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus) of China. Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica 28:295.Google Scholar
  9. Ma, J. G., and Lu, X. Z. (1993). Studies on the serum protein polymorphisms and the genetic relationships of the black bone chickens. Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica 24:12.Google Scholar
  10. Sanger, F. S. (1977). DNA sequencing with Chain-terminating inhibitors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74: 5463.Google Scholar
  11. Wakana, S., Watanabe, T., Hayashi, Y., and Tomita, T. (1986). A variant in the restriction endonuclease cleavage pattern of mitochondrial DNA in the domestic fowl, Gallus gallus domesticus. Anim. Genet. 17:159.Google Scholar
  12. Wang,W., Lan, H., Liu, A. H., and Shi, L. M. (1994). Variation of mitochondrial DNA among domestic fowl and red junglefowl. Zool. Res. 15:55.Google Scholar
  13. Zhang, Y. P., and Ryder, O. A. (1993). Mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in the Arctoidea. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:9557.Google Scholar
  14. Zhang, Y. P., and Shi, L. M. (1992). Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in animals: A review. Zool. Res. 13:289.Google Scholar
  15. Zhang, Y. P., and Shi, L. M. (1993a). Phylogenetic relationships of macaques as inferred from restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Folia Primatol. 60:7.Google Scholar
  16. Zhang, Y. P., and Shi, L. M. (1993b). Phylogeny of the slow lories (genus Nycticebus): An approach using mitochondrial DNA restriction enzyme analysis. Int. J. Primatol. 14:167.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong Niu
    • 1
  • Yan Fu
    • 1
  • Jing Luo
    • 2
  • Hui Ruan
    • 3
  • Xu-Ping Yu
    • 1
  • Gong Chen
    • 1
  • Ya-Ping Zhang
    • 4
  1. 1.Animal Science CollegeZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople's Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular EvolutionKunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingPeople's Republic of China
  3. 3.Agricultural Engineering and Food Science CollegeZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople's Republic of China
  4. 4.Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingPeople's Republic of China

Personalised recommendations