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Information Retrieval

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 61–86 | Cite as

Some Formal Analysis of Rocchio's Similarity-Based Relevance Feedback Algorithm

  • Zhixiang Chen
  • Binhai Zhu
Article

Abstract

Rocchio's similarity-based Relevance feedback algorithm, one of the most important query reformation methods in information retrieval, is essentially an adaptive supervised learning algorithm from examples. In spite of its popularity in various applications there is little rigorous analysis of its learning complexity in literature. In this paper we show that in the binary vector space model, if the initial query vector is 0, then for any of the four typical similarities (inner product, dice coefficient, cosine coefficient, and Jaccard coefficient), Rocchio's similarity-based relevance feedback algorithm makes at least n mistakes when used to search for a collection of documents represented by a monotone disjunction of at most k relevant features (or terms) over the n-dimensional binary vector space {0, 1} n . When an arbitrary initial query vector in {0, 1} n is used, it makes at least (n + k − 3)/2 mistakes to search for the same collection of documents. The linear lower bounds are independent of the choices of the threshold and coefficients that the algorithm may use in updating its query vector and making its classification.

relevance feedback vector space supervised learning similarity lower bound 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhixiang Chen
    • 1
  • Binhai Zhu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Texas-Pan AmericanEdinburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA

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