Journal of Behavioral Education

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 177–204 | Cite as

Teaching Students to Recruit Positive Attention: A Review and Recommendations

  • Sheila R. Alber
  • William L. Heward


Positive teacher attention and praise are powerful influences on student performance in the classroom. But the classroom is a very busy place, a place where important efforts by students can easily go unnoticed. In such instances, an existing and potentially effective natural contingency of reinforcement is “asleep” and needs to be “woken up.” Teaching students how to recruit positive teacher attention is one way to activate dormant contingencies of reinforcement and help students take a proactive role in their learning. This paper reviews the recruiting research to date, discusses implications for practitioners, proposes a recruitment training package including strategies for promoting generalization of recruiting skills, and offers recommendations for future research.

generalization inclusion recruiting reinforcement special education teacher praise 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheila R. Alber
    • 1
  • William L. Heward
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Special EducationThe University of Southern MississippiHattiesburg
  2. 2.Special Education Program, School of Physical Activity and Educational ServicesThe Ohio State UniversityColumbus

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