Space Science Reviews

, Volume 96, Issue 1–4, pp 293–316 | Cite as

The Martian Surface Composition

  • Jean-Pierre Bibring
  • Stéphane Erard


Mars is unique to have undergone all planetary evolutionary steps, without global resets, till its geological death: this is reflected in the variety of its surface features. The determination of Mars surface composition has thus the potential to identify the processes responsible for the entire Mars evolution, from geological timescales to seasonal variations. Due to technical challenges, only few investigations have been performed so far. They are summarized in this paper, and their interpretation is discussed in terms of surface materials (minerals, ices and frosts).


Seasonal Variation Surface Feature Surface Material Technical Challenge Surface Composition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Pierre Bibring
    • 1
  • Stéphane Erard
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut d'Astrophysique SpatialeOrsay CampusFrance

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