The Role of Wampum Production at the Albany Almshouse

  • Elizabeth S. Peña

Abstract

This paper presents the archaeological and documentary evidence for wampum production at the Albany almshouse within its historical and cultural contexts and in light of Dutch notions of charity, while considering the continually shifting functions and meanings of wampum. It suggests that in the mid-eighteenth century, both the Dutch Reformed Church and private entrepreneurs were involved in producing wampum for trade on the northern and western frontiers.

wampum almshouse Albany colonial New York 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Anonymous. (1756). To John Earl of Loudon from Albany. New York State Library Manuscript no. 13888.Google Scholar
  2. Baart, J. (1985). Ho-de-no-sau-nee en de Nederlanders: De Wisselwerking Tussen de Materiele Culturen van Autochtonen en Allochtonen in 17e-eeuws Nieuw-Nederland. New Netherland Studies, Bulletin KNOB (Tijdschrift van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Oudheidkundige Bond) 84(2/3): 89-99.Google Scholar
  3. Benson, A. (trans. and ed.). (1966). Peter Kalm's Travels in North America, Vol. 1, Dover, New York. Originally published in 1937.Google Scholar
  4. Bridenbaugh, C. (1948). Gentleman's Progress: The Itinerarium of Dr. Alexander Hamilton, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.Google Scholar
  5. Burke, T. (1986). The New Netherland fur trade, 1657-1661: Response to crisis. De Halve Maen 59(3): 1-4, 21.Google Scholar
  6. Ceci, L. (1977). The Effect of European Contact and Trade on the Settlement Pattern of Indians in Coastal New York, 1524-1665: The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence, University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  7. Ceci, L. (1980). The first fiscal crisis in New York. Economic Development and Culture Change 28(4): 839-847.Google Scholar
  8. Ceci, L. (1982). The value of wampum among the New York Iroquois: A case study in artifact analysis. Journal of Anthropological Research 38(1): 97-107.Google Scholar
  9. Dalton, G. (1978). The impact of colonization on aboriginal economies in stateless societies. In Dalton, G. (ed.), Research in Economic Anthropology, Vol. 1, JAI Press, Greenwich, Connecticut, pp. 131-184.Google Scholar
  10. Desjardins, P., and Duguay, G. (1992). Pointe-à-Callière: l'Aventure Montréalaise, Septentrion, Québec.Google Scholar
  11. Fernow, B. (1892). Peter Stuyvesant, the last of the Dutch Directors, 1647-1664. In Wilson, J. (ed.), The Memorial History of the City of New-York, Vol. 3, New-York History Company, New York, pp. 243-306.Google Scholar
  12. Gehring, C. (1984). The survival of the Dutch language in New York and New Jersey. De Halve Maen 58(3).Google Scholar
  13. Giesecke, A. (1910). American Commercial Legislation Before 1789, D. Appleton and Company, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Goody, E. (1982). Introduction. In Goody, E. (ed.), From Craft to Industry: The Ethnography of Proto-Industrial Cloth Production, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 1-37.Google Scholar
  15. Hamell, G. (1983). Trading in metaphors: The magic of beads. In Hayes, C., III. (ed.), Proceedings of the 1982 Glass Trade Bead Conference, Rochester Museum and Science Center Research Records 16, Rochester, pp. 5-28.Google Scholar
  16. Hamell, G. (1996). Wampum: Light, white, and bright things are good to think. In Van Dongen, A., Bradley, J., Hamell, G., Francis, P., de Roever, M., Jacobs, J., Shattuck, M., Baart, J., Rothschild, N., Rose, P., and Dallal, D. (eds.), One Man's Trash Is Another Man's Treasure: The Metamorphosis of the European Utensil in the New World, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, pp. 41-51.Google Scholar
  17. Hastings, H. (ed.). (1901). Ecclesiastical Records of the State of New York, Vol. 1, James B. Lyon, Albany.Google Scholar
  18. Hogendorn, J., and Johnson, M. (1986). The Shell Money of the Slave Trade, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  19. Huey, P. (1987). Archeological evidence of Dutch wooden cellars and perishable wooden structures at seventeenth and eighteenth century sites in the upper Hudson Valley. In Blackburn, R., and Kelley, N. (eds.), New World Dutch Studies, Albany Institute of History and Art, Albany, pp. 13-35.Google Scholar
  20. Johnson, M. (1970). The cowrie currencies of West Africa. Part I. Journal of African History 10(1): 17-49.Google Scholar
  21. Johnson, W. (1922-1939). The Papers of Sir William Johnson, 9 vols., The State University of New York Press, Albany.Google Scholar
  22. Karklins, K. (1992). Trade Ornament Usage Among the Native Peoples of Canada: A Source Book, National Historic Sites, Parks Service, Environment Canada, Studies in Archaeology, Architecture, and History.Google Scholar
  23. Kopytoff, I. (1986). The cultural biography of things: Commoditization as process. In Appadurai, A. (ed.), The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 64-91.Google Scholar
  24. Lester, R. (1939). Currency issues to overcome depressions in Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Maryland, 1715-1737. The Journal of Political Economy 47(2): 182-217.Google Scholar
  25. Munsell, J. (1850). The Annals of Albany, Vols. 1-5, 7-9, J. Munsell, Albany.Google Scholar
  26. Munsell, J. (1865). Collections on the History of Albany, Vols. 1, 4, J. Munsell, Albany.Google Scholar
  27. Norton, T. (1974). The Fur Trade in Colonial New York, 1686-1776, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.Google Scholar
  28. O'Callaghan, E. (trans. and ed.). (1856). Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York, New York Colonial Documents, Albany.Google Scholar
  29. Pearson, J. (trans.), and Van Laer, A. (ed.). (1916). New York State Library History Bulletin 9: Early Records of the City and County of Albany and the Colony of Rensselaerswyck, Vols. 2/3, The University of the State of New York, Albany.Google Scholar
  30. Peña, E. (1990). Wampum Production in New Netherland and Colonial New York: The Historical and Archaeological Context. PhD Dissertation, Boston University, University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  31. Reformed Dutch Church. (1978). Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, Parts 1-5 (1682-1771), Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  32. Regin, D. (1976). Traders, Artists, Burghers: A Cultural History of Amsterdam in the 17th Century, Van Gorcum, Assen.Google Scholar
  33. Rogers, E. (1858). A Historical Discourse on the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Albany, Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, New York.Google Scholar
  34. Schama, S. (1987). The Embarrassment of Riches: An Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Golden Age, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Smith, T. (1983). Wampum as primitive valuables. In Dalton, G. (ed.), Research in Economic Anthropology, Vol. 5, JAI Press, Greenwich, Connecticut, pp. 225-246.Google Scholar
  36. Steen, S. (1974). Knickerbockers who asserted and insisted: The Dutch interest in New York politics, 1664-1691. New York Historical Society Quarterly 58(2): 113-138.Google Scholar
  37. Van der Woude, A. (1972). Variations in the size and structure of the household in the United Provinces of the Netherlands in the 17th and 18th centuries. In Laslett, P. (ed.), Household and Family in Past Time, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 299-318.Google Scholar
  38. Van Dillen, J. (1974). Economic fluctuations and trade in the Netherlands, 1650-1750. In Earle, P. (ed.), Essays in European Economic History, 1500-1800, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 199-211.Google Scholar
  39. Van Laer, A. (trans. and ed.). (1974). New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch, Vol. 3: Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1648-1660, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  40. Venema, J. (1990). “For the Benefit of the Poor”: Poor relief in Albany/Beverwyck, 1652-1700. Unpublished MA thesis, Department of History, State University of New York at Albany.Google Scholar
  41. Weise, A. (1884). The History of the City of Albany, E. H. Bender, Albany.Google Scholar
  42. Williams, L., and Flinn, K. (1990). Trade Wampum: New Jersey to the Plains, New Jersey State Museum, Trenton.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth S. Peña
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity at Buffalo, State University of New YorkBuffalo

Personalised recommendations