Human Physiology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 216–220 | Cite as

Sensorimotor Reactivity of Children Living in a Radionuclide-Contaminated Zone

  • A. I. Kienya
  • O. V. Kirichenko
Article

Abstract

Schoolchildren aged 8 to 13 years were examined in Gomel. The children's sensorimotor reaction to light and acoustic stimuli is characterized with regard for their age and sex on the basis of the latency of sensorimotor reactions (LSMR), which shortened significantly with age in children of either sex. This developed unevenly in the children examined, as may be seen from the quite broad ranges of the LSMR fluctuation in each age group. The boys had a stronger sensorimotor reaction to both light and acoustic stimuli than the girls. At the same time, both the boys and the girls reacted to the acoustic stimulus more actively than to the light stimulus.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Kienya, A.I.,Rudnitskaya, A.S.,Zaika, E.M., andErmolitskii, N.M., Study of the Condition and Reactivity of the Autonomic Nervous System in the Children Living in the Territory under Periodical Radiological Monitoring, Chernobyl Ekol. Zdor., 1996, no. 1, p. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kienya, A.I.,Ermolitskii, N.M.,Zaika, E.M., et al., Initial Tonus and Reactivity of the Autonomic Nervous System in the Children of the City of Vetki, “Chernobyl-Vil'sede” (Proc. Int. Sci. Congr. “Chernobyl-Vilsede”), Gomel, 1997, p. 27.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kienya, A.I. andErmolitskii, N.M., The Autonomic Component of Body Reactivity in Children with Various Levels of Incorporated 137 Cs, Strukturno-funktsional'nye effekty inkorporirovannykh v organizm radionuklidov (Structure-Functional Effects of Radionuclides Incorporated into the Body), Bandazhevskii, Yu.I., Ed., Gomel, 1997, p. 61.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kienya, A.I.,Kirichenko, O.V., andZaika, E.M., Study of the Status of the Autonomic Nervous System in Children with Various Levels of Incorporated 137 Cs, Fiziol. Chel., 1998, vol. 24, no. 5, p. 106.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bronskii, V.I. and Tolkanets, S.V., Results of Psychosomatic Screening of Various Groups of the Population of the Areas Affected by the CNPP Accident, “Meditsinskie aspekty radioaktivnogo vozdeistviya na naselenie, prozhivayushchee na zagryaznennoi territorii posle avarii na Chernobyl'skoi AES” (Proc. of the Int. Sci. Symp. “Medical Aspects of a Radioactive Impact on the Population of Polluted Territories after the CNPP Accident), Gomel, 1994, p. 31.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vovchik-Blakitnaya, E.A.,Garnets, O.N.,Zelenskii, A.V., et al., Features of the Psychological State of the Schoolchildren in the Zone under Special Dosimetric Monitoring, “Eksperimental'naya fiziologiya, gigiena i sredstva individual'noi zashchity cheloveka” (Abstracts of Papers 3rd All-Union Conf. “Experimental Physiology, Hygiene, and Means for the Individual Protection of Humans”), Moscow, 1990, p. 322.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Igumnov, S.A., Neuromental Disorders in the Children Subject to the Impact of the Ionizing Radiation in the Prenatal Period, Zdravookhr. Bel., 1994, no. 10, p. 28.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karpyuk, V.A. andObukhov, S.G., Disorders of Mental Adaptation in the Adolescents Living in the Areas Polluted by Radionuclides, Zdravookhr. Bel., 1995, no. 1, p. 28.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bandazhevskii, Yu.I., Patofiziologiya inkorporirovannogo radioaktivnogo izlucheniya (Pathophysiology of Incorporated Radioactive Radiation), Gomel, 1997.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grigor'ev, Yu.G., Physiological Reactions of the Body under the Impact of Ionizing Radiation, in Ekologicheskaya fiziologiya cheloveka. Adaptatsiya cheloveka k ekstremal'nym usloviyam sredy: Rukovodstvo po fiziologii (Human Environmental Physiology: Human Adaptation to Extreme Environmental Conditions: Manual of Physiology), Moscow: Nauka, 1979, p. 570.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gus'kova, A.K. andShakirova, I.N., Reactions of the Nervous System to Damaging Radiation, Zh. Nevropatol.Psikhiatr. im. S.S. Korsakova, 1989, no. 2, p. 138.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moskalev, Yu.I., Otdalennye posledstviya ioniziruyushchego izlucheniya (Long-Term Aftereffects of Ionizing Radiation), Moscow: Meditsina, 1991.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kienya, A.I.,Kirichenko, O.V., andZaika, E.M., Sensorimotor Reactivity of the Children Living in the Territory Polluted by Radionuclides, Med. Biol. Asp. Avar. Chernob. AES, 1998, no. 2, p. 8.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kienya, A.I.,Ermolitskii, N.M.,Zaika, E.M. et al., Physical Development and Functional Characteristic of the Children Living in the Territory Polluted by Radionuclides, in Strukturno-funktsional'nye effekty inkorporirovannykh v organizm radionuklidov c (Structurofunctional Effects of Radionuclides Incorporated into the Body), Bandazhevskii, Yu.I., Ed., Gomel, 1997, p. 13.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Makarenko, N.V.,Voronovskaya, I.V., andSprin', A.B., Condition of the Psychophysiological Functions of Clean-up Crews Six Years after the CNPP Accident, Fiziol.Chel., 1996, vol. 22, no. 4, p. 79.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kopytov, A.V.,Avin, A.I., andVoitik, L.A., Clinical Features of Neuromental Disorders in Clean-Up Crews of the CNPP Accident, Med. Biol. Asp. Avar. Chernob. AES, 1997, no. 2, p. 11.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nyagy, A.I.,Noshchenko, A.G., andLoganovskii, K.N., Remote Impact of the Psychogenous and Radiation Factors of the CNPP Accident on the Functional State of Human Brain, Zh. Nevropatol. Psikhiatr. im. S.S. Korsakova, 1992, no. 4, p. 72.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Evets, L.V.,Lyalikov, S.A., andPats, N.V., Contemporary Environmental Problems of the Protection of Children's Health, Med. Nov., 1996, no. 12, p. 16.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gofman, D., Chernobyl'skaya avariya: radiatsionnye posledstviya dlya nastoyashchikh i budushchikh pokolenii (The Chernobyl Accident: Radiation Aftereffects for the Present and Future Generations), Minsk: Vysheishaya Shkola, 1994.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Medvedev, V.I., Human Psychological Reactions in Extreme Conditions, in Ekologicheskaya fiziologiya cheloveka. Adaptatsiya cheloveka k ekstremal'nym usloviyam sredy: Rukovodstvo po fiziologii (Human Environmental Physiology: Human Adaptation to Extreme Environmental Conditions: Manual of Physiology), Moscow: Nauka, 1979, p. 625.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ermolitskii, N.M.,Kienya, A.I.,Zaika, E.M., et al., Characteristic of Sensorimotor Reactions in Children and Adolescents, Zdravookhranenie, 1996, no. 10, p. 32.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kharevich, T.V.,Kramarenko, T.V., andDavydok, A.M., Condition of Some Body Systems in the Schoolchildren Living in the Territory with Radiation Pollution, Nauchno-prakticheskie aspekty sokhraneniya zdorov'ya lyudei, podvergshikhsya radiatsionnomu vozdeistviyu v rezul'tate avarii na Chernobyl'skoi AES: Tezisy dokladov 3 respublikanskoi konferentsii (Scientific and Practical Aspects of the Protection of Health of the People Subject to Radiative Impact as a Result of the CNPP Accident: Abstracts of Papers, 3rd Resp. Conf.), Gomel, 1992, p. 163.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rokitskii, P.F., Biologicheskaya statistika (Biological Statistics), Minsk: Vysheishaya Shkola, 1967.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Harting, J.K.,Hall, W.C., andDiamond, J.T., Evolution of the Pulvinar, Brain Behav. Evolut., 1972, vol. 6, p. 424.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Batuev, A.S.,Cherenkova, E.V.,Kulikov, G.A., et al., The Role of Various Cortical Areas in Visual-Motor Coordination, in Sensomotornye sistemy (Sensorimotor Systems), Leningrad, 1982, p. 101.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kulikov, G.A.,Klimenko, V.Yu.,Vasil'eva, L.A., et al., Evoked Potentials of the Sensorimotor and Parietal Areas of the Cerebral Cortex of Cats to Tonal Stimuli, Zh. Vyssh. Nervn. Deyat. im. I.P. Pavlova, 1984, vol. 34, p. 89.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kostyuk, P.G., Struktura i funktsiya niskhodyashchikh sistem spinnogo mozga (Structure and Functions of the Descending Systems of the Spinal Cord), Leningrad, 1973.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schwindt, P.C., Control of Motoneuron Output by Pathways Descending from the Brain Stem, in Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, vol. 5, Motor Coordination, New York, 1981, p. 139.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gurfinkel', V.S. andLevik, Yu.S., Sensory Complexes and Sensorimotor Integration, Fiziol. Chel., 1979, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 399.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kulikov, G.A., Neurophysiological Fundamentals of Sensorimotor Coordination, in Fiziologiya povedeniya (neirofiziologicheskie zakonomernosti): Rukovodstvo po fiziologii (Behavior Physiology (Neurophysiological Regularities): Manual of Physiology), Leningrad: Nauka, 1986, p. 334.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Volokhov, A.A., Development of Nervous System in the Early Ages, in Vozrastnaya fiziologiya: Rukovodstvo po fiziologii (Age Physiology: Manual of Physiology), Leningrad: Nauka, 1975, p. 443.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Kienya
    • 1
  • O. V. Kirichenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical InstituteGomelBelarus

Personalised recommendations