Advertisement

Negotiation Journal

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 35–45 | Cite as

Another Look at Identity-Based Conflict: The Roots of Conflict in the Psychology of Consciousness

  • Tim Hicks
Article

Abstract

Conflict scholars and practitioners have devoted much effort to understandingwhy differences sometimes escalate into full-blown conflicts. Butnot enough attention has been paid to the psychological and physiologicalprocesses of “reality formation and identity formation” inherent in thenature of individual human consciousness. The author shows how thefunctions of identity and reality formation pervade human activity, andhow they are particularly connected to conflict. This theoretical constructhas a variety of implications for mediators and dispute resolution in general,which the author illustrates with a series of brief case examples.

Keywords

Human Activity Identity Formation Dispute Resolution Reality Formation Human Consciousness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Anderson, W. T. 1990. Reality isn't what it used to be. San Francisco: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  2. Boulding, E. 1990. Building a global civic culture: Education for an interdependent world. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Campbell, D.T. 1967. Stereotypes and the perception of group differences. American Psychologist 22 (October): 817-829.Google Scholar
  4. De Bono, E. 1990. I am right, you are wrong: From this to the new Renaissance, from rock logic to water logic. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  5. Duggan, M. 1996. A nested theory of conflict. A Leadership Journal: Women in Leadership 1 (July): 9-20.Google Scholar
  6. Gilligan, M. D. 1996. Violence: Our deadly epidemic and its causes. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.Google Scholar
  7. Gladstone, A. 1959. The conception of the enemy. Journal of Conflict Resolution 3 (June): 132-137.Google Scholar
  8. Keen, S. 1988. Faces of the enemy: Reflections of the hostile imagination. SanFrancisco: Harper.Google Scholar
  9. Lederach, J. P. 1995. Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Levine, R. A. and D.T. Campbell. 1972. Ethnocentrism: Theories of conflict, ethnic attitudes, and group behavior. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  11. Mandel, R. 1979. Perception, decision making and conflict. Washington: University Press of AmericaGoogle Scholar
  12. Mann, D.W. 1994. A simple theory of self. New York: NortonGoogle Scholar
  13. Rosenblatt, P. 1964. Origins and effects of group ethnocentrism and nationalism. Journal of Conflict Resolution 8: 131-146.Google Scholar
  14. Rothman, J. 1997. Resolving identity-based conflict in nations, organizations, and communities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  15. Thomas, K. 1974. Interpreting your scores on the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument. Tuxedo Park, N.Y.: Xicom Inc.Google Scholar
  16. Ting-Toomey, S. and F. Korzenny, eds. 1991. Cross-cultural interpersonal communication. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Woodward, K., ed. 1997. Identity and difference. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim Hicks
    • 1
  1. 1.USA

Personalised recommendations