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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 1345–1353 | Cite as

Sequestration of Host Plant-Derived Compounds by Geometrid Moth, Milionia basalis, Toxic to a Predatory Stink Bug, Eocanthecona furcellata

  • Hiroe Yasui
Article

Abstract

A predatory stink bug, Eocanthecona furcellata, died after feeding on Milionia basalis larvae. The compounds toxic to E. furcellata were isolated from the hemolymph of M. basalis larvae and identified as inumakilactone A, nagilactone C, and nagilactone C glucoside. The concentrations of inumakilactone A, nagilactone C, and nagilactone C glucoside in the hemolymph of the final instar larvae were 130, 50, and 770 μg/ml, respectively. Nagilactone C showed the highest insecticidal activity against second-instar nymphs of E. furcellata, while nagilactone C glucoside showed the lowest, one twentieth of that of nagilactone C. When mixed compounds were given at the same concentrations as those in hemolymph of M. basalis, all nymphs of E. furcellata died with in three days. Inumakilactone A and nagilactone C were found to be in the leaves of podocarp, Podocarpus macrophyllus, the only host plant of M. basalis, at concentrations of 13 and 175 μg/g fresh weight, respectively. However, no nagilactone C glucoside was detected in the leaves of this species. These results suggested that M. basalis may transform nagilactone C to its glucoside.

Toxic compounds defense substance stink bug Eocanthecona furcellata geometrid moth Milionia basalis podocarp Podocarpus macrophyllus nagilactone glucosides inumakilactone sequestration transformation 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroe Yasui
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Insect Physiology and BehaviorNational Institute of Sericultural and Entomological Science (NISES)Ohwashi, Tsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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