Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 17, Issue 12, pp 1526–1530 | Cite as

Characteristics of Choline Transport Across the Blood-Brain Barrier in Mice: Correlation with In Vitro Data

  • Hideyasu Murakami
  • Naoyuki Sawada
  • Noriko Koyabu
  • Hisakazu Ohtani
  • Yasufumi Sawada


Purpose. We examined the functional properties of choline transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice. We compared the kinetic parameters and transport properties with those found in our in vitro uptake experiments using mouse brain capillary endothelial cells (MBEC4).

Methods. The permeability coefficient-surface area product (PS) values of [3H]choline at the BBB were estimated by means of anin situ brain perfusion technique in mice.

Results. [3H]Choline uptake was well described by a two-component model: a saturable component and a nonsaturable linear component. The [3H]choline uptake was independent of pH and Na+, but was significantly decreased by the replacement of Na+ with K+. Various basic drugs, including substrates and inhibitors of the organic cation transporter, significantly inhibited the [3H]choline uptake. These in situ (in vivo) results corresponded well to the in vitro results and suggest that the choline transporter at the BBB is a member of the organic cation transporter (OCT) family.

Conclusion. The choline transport mechanism at the BBB is retained in MBEC4.

choline in situ brain perfusion technique blood-brain barrier organic cation transporter in vivo and in vitro correlation 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideyasu Murakami
    • 1
  • Naoyuki Sawada
    • 1
  • Noriko Koyabu
    • 1
  • Hisakazu Ohtani
    • 1
  • Yasufumi Sawada
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medico-Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical SciencesKyushu University, Higashi-kuFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Medico-Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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