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Mathematical Geology

, Volume 31, Issue 7, pp 749–769 | Cite as

Permeability Upscaling Measured on a Block of Berea Sandstone: Results and Interpretation

  • Vincent C. Tidwell
  • John L. Wilson
Article

Abstract

To physically investigate permeability upscaling, over 13,000 permeability values were measured with four different sample supports (i.e., sample volumes) on a block of Berea Sandstone. At each sample support, spatially exhaustive permeability datasets were measured, subject to consistent flow geometry and boundary conditions, with a specially adapted minipermeameter test system. Here, we present and analyze a subset of the data consisting of 2304 permeability values collected from a single block face oriented normal to stratification. Results reveal a number of distinct and consistent trends (i.e., upscaling) relating changes in key summary statistics to an increasing sample support. Examples include the sample mean and semivariogram range that increase with increasing sample support and the sample variance that decreases. To help interpret the measured mean upscaling, we compared it to theoretical models that are only available for somewhat different flow geometries. The comparison suggests that the nonuniform flow imposed by the minipermeameter coupled with permeability anisotropy at the scale of the local support (i.e., smallest sample support for which data is available) are the primary controls on the measured upscaling. This work demonstrates, experimentally, that it is not always appropriate to treat the local-support permeability as an intrinsic feature of the porous medium, that is, independent of its conditions of measurement.

permeability upscaling Berea Sandstone minipermeameter nonuniform flow local-scale processes 

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Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geology 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent C. Tidwell
    • 1
  • John L. Wilson
    • 2
  1. 1.Geohydrology DepartmentSandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerque
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesNew Mexico Institute of Mining and TechnologySocorro

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