Sex Roles

, Volume 42, Issue 3–4, pp 255–270 | Cite as

No Sissy Boys Here: A Content Analysis of the Representation of Masculinity in Elementary School Reading Textbooks

  • Lorraine Evans
  • Kimberly Davies


In this study, we investigate the portrayal of gender characteristics in elementary school reading textbooks. Over the past 25 years, most of the research on textbooks has focused on female roles and characteristics. In this research, we focus particularly on how males are portrayed. Using an evaluative instrument based on the Bem Sex Role Inventory, we examine first, third, and fifth grade literature textbooks. In particular, we analyze traits pertaining to masculine and feminine stereotypes. Our results show that despite publisher's guidelines and Title IX, males are still primarily portrayed in a stereotypical light. Males are overwhelming shown to be aggressive, argumentative, and competitive.


Social Psychology Content Analysis Elementary School Female Role Gender Characteristic 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorraine Evans
    • 1
  • Kimberly Davies
    • 2
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaUSA
  2. 2.Augusta State UniversityUSA

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