Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 265–274

Word-Monitoring Tasks Interact with Levels of Representation During Speech Comprehension

  • David J. Townsend
  • Michael Hoover
  • Thomas G. Bever

DOI: 10.1023/A:1005148104885

Cite this article as:
Townsend, D.J., Hoover, M. & Bever, T.G. J Psycholinguist Res (2000) 29: 265. doi:10.1023/A:1005148104885


Researchers frequently use data from monitoring tasks to argue that constraints on meaning facilitate lower-level processes. An alternate hypothesis is that the processing level that a monitoring task requires interacts with discourse-level processing. Subjects monitored spoken sentences for a synonym (semantic match), a nonsense word (phonological match), or a rhyme (phonologically and semantically constrained matching). The critical targets appeared at the beginning of the final clause in two-clause sentences that began with if, which signals a semantic analysis at the discourse level, or with though, which maintains a surface representation. Synonym-monitoring times were faster for if than for though, nonsense word-monitoring times were faster for though than for if, and rhyme-monitoring times did not differ for if and though. The results show that conjunctions influence how listeners allocate attention to semantic versus phonological information, implying that listeners form these kinds of information independently.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Townsend
    • 1
  • Michael Hoover
    • 2
  • Thomas G. Bever
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMontclair State UniversityUpper Montclair
  2. 2.Department of Educational and Counselling PsychologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of ArizonaTucson

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