Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 34, Issue 19, pp 4653–4659 | Cite as

Properties and interaction of cement with polymer in the hardened cement pastes added absorbent polymer

  • Chong Yoon Rha
  • Jin Wook Seong
  • Chang Eun Kim
  • S. K. Lee
  • W. K. Kim


Ordinary Portland cement mixed with various amounts of absorbent polymer in the form of sodium acrylate ((–CH–)nCOONa) have been studied. As the content of absorbent polymer increased, heat evolution of samples decreased up to 1.15 wt % of absorbent polymer addition and conversely increased over 1.75 wt %. Flexural strength of cement paste with absorbent polymer was improved more than 20%. As the content of absorbent polymer increased, the porosity values decreased and mean pore diameter shifted to small pore diameter region. Flexural strength of ordinary Portland cement paste had a linear correlation with non-evaporable water content but, that of cement paste with absorbent polymer deviated from a linear correlation with non-evaporable water content. The chemical difference between cement pastes with and without absorbent polymer was found by the inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy and the infrared spectroscopy. For the infrared spectra of absorbent polymer, bands at 1416 and 1560 cm− 1 were assigned to C–O single bond and C=O double bond respectively, namely, unidentate complex. As the curing time increased, the absorption bands near 1416 cm− 1 shifted to longer wave number and the absorption bands near 1560 cm− 1 to shorter wave number and finally bidentate complex was formed. Absorbent polymer released sodium ions to pore solution under the basic condition of pH 12.5–13.5 and became polyacrylic acid. Then some of these polyacrylic acid were crosslinked with others by calcium ions leached from cement grains. Calcium ion was regarded as a central charge connecting the negative parts in carbon-oxygen polarization of absorbent polymer' functional groups.


Acrylate Pore Diameter Flexural Strength Emission Spectroscopy Ordinary Portland Cement 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chong Yoon Rha
    • 1
  • Jin Wook Seong
    • 1
  • Chang Eun Kim
    • 1
  • S. K. Lee
    • 2
  • W. K. Kim
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Ceramic EngineeringYonsei UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Ssang Yong Research CenterDaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Dongyang Research CenterKyoungki-doKorea

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