Observation of photocurrent generation in electrodeposited zinc oxide layers
- 119 Downloads
Wurtzite zinc oxide (ZnO) films with band gap energy of about 3.3 eV were deposited onto conductive substrates by electrodeposition from a simple aqueous zinc nitrate solution at 335 K. The films showed optical transmission around 70% in the visible light region. The electrical resistance showed a strong dependence on cathodic potential. The decrease in electrical resistance could be observed with light irradiation irrespective of the cathodic potential and was attributed to the excitation of electrons from valence band to conduction band by light with wavelength below 375 nm. A photocurrent of about 0.10 μA was generated for a cell composed of Ag electrode/Au/ZnO/NESA glass substrate under conditions of irradiation by sunlight.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.M. Izaki and T. Omi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 144 (1997) 1949.Google Scholar
- 2.M. Izaki and T. Omi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68 (1996) 2439.Google Scholar
- 3.M. Izaki and T. Omi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 143 (1996) L53.Google Scholar
- 4.C. Kittel, 'Introduction to Solid State Physics', 6th edn (J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 1986), p. 183.Google Scholar
- 5.K. Tsuda, Ceramics Japan 25 (1990) 740 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- 6.Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards, Set 36, No. 1451, International Center for Diffraction Data, Swarthmore, PA (1990).Google Scholar
- 7.A.P. Roth, J.B. Webb and D.F. Williams, Solid State. Commm. 39 (1981) 1269.Google Scholar
- 8.M. Izaki and H. Enomoto, Kagaku to Kogyo 71 (1997) 111 (in Japanese).Google Scholar