, Volume 363, Issue 1–3, pp 229–240 | Cite as

Vertical and seasonal distributions of micro-organisms, zooplankton and phytoplankton in a eutrophic lake

  • Anne-Mari Ventelä
  • Vesa Saarikari
  • Kristiina Vuorio


The vertical distributions of bacteria, picoalgae,protozoan and metazoan zooplankton, and phytoplanktonin the highly eutrophic Lake Köyliönjärvi(SW Finland) were studied monthly during the period ofice-cover in January-April 1996. For comparison, wealso provide some data on the distributions of theplankton during the summer. The whole watercolumn remained oxic during the ice-covered period,although the near-bottom oxygen concentrations werealways very low. The heterotrophic nanoflagellateswere more abundant in winter than in summer, butciliates, picoalgae and bacteria were more numerous insummer. In general both zooplankton and phytoplanktonhad low biomass during the ice-covered period.However, the biomass of the diatom Aulacoseiraislandica ssp. islandica was high under the icein April. The calanoid copepod Eudiaptomusgraciloides was the dominant zooplankton species fromJanuary to March, but had almost disappeared by thebeginning of April and did not increase again until inJune. The dominant rotifer species in winterwere Keratella cochlearis, Filinia terminalis,and Filinia longiseta in the surface water andRotaria neptunia near the bottom.

ice cover winter micro-organisms zooplankton phytoplankton 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne-Mari Ventelä
    • 1
  • Vesa Saarikari
    • 1
  • Kristiina Vuorio
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Ecology and Animal SystematicsUniversity of TurkuFinland

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