Wireless Networks

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 701–710 | Cite as

LANDMARC: Indoor Location Sensing Using Active RFID

  • Lionel M. Ni
  • Yunhao Liu
  • Yiu Cho Lau
  • Abhishek P. Patil


Growing convergence among mobile computing devices and embedded technology sparks the development and deployment of “context-aware” applications, where location is the most essential context. In this paper we present LANDMARC, a location sensing prototype system that uses Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for locating objects inside buildings. The major advantage of LANDMARC is that it improves the overall accuracy of locating objects by utilizing the concept of reference tags. Based on experimental analysis, we demonstrate that active RFID is a viable and cost-effective candidate for indoor location sensing. Although RFID is not designed for indoor location sensing, we point out three major features that should be added to make RFID technologies competitive in this new and growing market.

location-aware computing sensing network RFID signal strength wireless communication 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lionel M. Ni
    • 1
  • Yunhao Liu
    • 1
  • Yiu Cho Lau
    • 1
  • Abhishek P. Patil
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceHong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina

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