Plant Ecology

, 174:163 | Cite as

Geographical distribution of Eupatorieae (Asteraceae) in South-eastern and South Brazilian Mountain Ranges

  • Adriana M. Almeida
  • Paulo I. Prado
  • Thomas M. Lewinsohn


This study deals with the geographical distribution of Eupatorieae species in South-eastern and Southern Brazilian mountain ranges, with special emphasis on the Mantiqueira range (Serra da Mantiqueira). In the Mantiqueira range, five localities were sampled for two years during the flowering period of the plants. Species composition in the Mantiqueira localities was then compared to data from a central range (the Espinhaço) and a southern coastal range. Cluster and ordination analyses showed clear floristic differences among the three ranges. Nearer localities were more similar floristically only within the Espinhaço range and across all ranges, as shown by Mantel tests. The dendrogram in the Mantiqueira range clustered Itatiaia and Campos do Jordão, two non-adjacent localities with similar environment, landscape and topography. Different processes may be influencing the structure and composition of the Eupatorieae flora at different geographical scales. Historical and biogeographical processes may be more important in determining community composition of different mountain ranges, whereas factors such as climate and human impact may be determining differences among localities within each mountain range.

Biogeography Brazilian mountain ranges Mantiqueira range Mountaintops Species distribution Species occurrences 


  1. Almeida A.M. 2001. Biogeografia de interações entre Eupatorieae (Asteraceae) e insetos endófagos de capítulos na Serra da Man-tiqueira. PhD Thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil, p. 172.Google Scholar
  2. Barros W.B., Reitz R., Carauta J.P.P., Lima D.F., Silva R.R., Menezes C.B.D. and Silveira E.K.P. 1998. —O Parque Nacional de Itatiaia-Sinopse da flora, fauna e geografia. Albertoa 4: 317–327.Google Scholar
  3. Barroso G.M. 1957. —Flora do Itatiaia I-Compositae. Rodriguésia 20: 175–241.Google Scholar
  4. Barroso G.M., Peixoto A.L., Costa C.G., Ichaso C.L.F., Guimarães E.F. and Lima H.C. 1986. Sistemática de Angiospermas do Brasil. vol.3. Imprensa da Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil.Google Scholar
  5. Bremer K. 1994. Asteraceae: cladistics and classification. Timber Press, Inc., Portland, USA.Google Scholar
  6. Bremer K., Jansen R., Karis P., Kallersjo M., Keeley S., Kim K., Michaels H., Palmer J. and Wallace R. 1992. A review of the phylogeny and classification of the Asteraceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 12: 141–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown J.H. 1995. Macroecology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.Google Scholar
  8. Brown J.H., Stevens G.C. and Kaufman D.M. 1996. The geographic range: Size, Shape, Boundaries and Internal Structure. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27: 597–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bruijnzeel L.A. and Veneklaas E.J. 1998. Climatic conditions and tropical montane forest productivity: the fog has not lifted yet. Ecology 79: 3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cabrera A.L. and Klein R.M. 1989. Compostas: Tribo Eupatorieae. In: Reitz R. (ed.), Flora Ilustrada Catarinense. EMPASC, Santa Catarina, Brazil.Google Scholar
  11. Caley M.J. and Schluter D. 1997. The relationship between local and regional diversity. Ecology 78: 70–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Davis S.D., Heywood V.H., Herrera-MacBryde O., Villa-Lobos J. and Hamilton A.C. 1997. Centres of plant diversity: A guide and strategy for their conservation. Information Press, Oxford, UK.Google Scholar
  13. Digby P.G.N. and Kempton R.A. 1987. Multivariate analysis of ecological communities. Chapman and Hall, London, UK.Google Scholar
  14. Gatto L.C.S., Ramos V.L.S., Nunes B.T.A., Mamede L., Góes M.H.B., Mauro C.A., Alvarenga S.M., Franco E.M.S., Quirico A.F. and Neves L.B. 1983. Geomorfologia, Folhas SF.23/34, Rio de Janeiro/Vitória. In: Projeto Radambrasil, Levantamento de Recursos Naturais, no. 32.Google Scholar
  15. Gauch H.G.J. 1982. Multivariate analysis in community ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  16. Giulietti A.M. and Pirani J.R. 1988. Patterns of geographic distribution of some plant species from the Espinhaço Range, Minas Gerais and Bahia, Brazil, pp. 39–69. In: Vanzolini P.E. and Heyer W.R. (eds.), Proceedings of a workshop on neotropical distribu-tion patterns. Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
  17. Hedberg O. 1970. Evolution of the afroalpine flora. Biotropica 2: 16–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heywood V.H., Harborne J.B. and Turner B.L. 1977. The Biology and Chemistry of the Compositae. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  19. Jansen R., Michaels H. and Palmer J. 1991. Phylogeny and character evolution in the Asteraceae based on chloroplast DNA re-striction site mapping. Systematic Botany 16: 98–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jonas C.S. and Geber M.A. 1999. Variation among populations of Clarkia unguiculata (Onagraceae) along altitudinal and latitudinal gradients. American Journal of Botany 86: 333–343.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. King R.M. and Robinson H. 1987. The Genera of the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany, vol. 22. Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri, USA.Google Scholar
  22. Körner C. 1998. A reassessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation. Oecologia 115: 445–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lorenzi H. 1991. Plantas daninhas do Brasil: terrestres, aquáticas, parasitas, tóxicas e medicinais, 2 edn. Ed. Plantarum, Nova Odessa, São Paulo, Brasil.Google Scholar
  24. MacArthur R.H. and Wilson E.O. 1963. An equilibrium theory of insular zoogeography. Evolution. 17: 373–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. MacArthur R.H. and Wilson E.O. 1967. The theory of island bio-geography. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.Google Scholar
  26. Martinelli G. 1989. Campos de altitude. Editora Index, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
  27. Maurer B.A. 1999. Untangling ecological complexity, the macro-scopic perspective. Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.Google Scholar
  28. McCune B. and Mefford M.J. 1999. Multivariate analysis of eco-logical data. MjM Software, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, USA.Google Scholar
  29. Menezes S. 2000. Flora. In: PROBIO/PRONABIO/MMA. Avaliação e Ações Prioritárias para Conservação dos Biomas Floresta Atlântica e Campos Sulinos. Relatório Técnico.Google Scholar
  30. Nekola J.C. and White P.S. 1999. The distance decay of similarity in biogeography and ecology. Journal of Biogeography. 26: 867–878.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Prado P.I. 1999 Diptera_ endófagos de capítulos de asteráceas. PhD Thesis Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.Google Scholar
  32. Prado P.I. and Lewinsohn T.M.L. 2000. Associações inseto-planta no nível local e regional: Tephritidae e Vernonieae na Serra do Espinhaço. Ecologia e comportamento de insetos. pp. 405–422. In: Martins R.P., Lewinsohn T.M. and Barbeitos M.S. (eds), Série Oecologia Brasiliensis vol. VIII. PPGE-UFRJ, Rio de Jan-eiro, Brazil.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ricklefs R.E. and Schluter D. 1993. Species diversity in ecological communities. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.Google Scholar
  34. Rizzini C.T. 1995. —Flora da Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais: Loran-thaceae. Bolm. Bot. 14: 207–221.Google Scholar
  35. Rundel P.W., Smith A.P. and Meinzer F.C. (eds), 1994. Tropical Alpine Environments: plant form and function. Cambridge Uni-versity Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  36. Safford H.D. 1999a. Brazilian Paramos I. An introduction to the physical environment and vegetation of the campos de altitude. Journal of Biogeography 26: 693–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Safford H.D. 1999b. Brazilian Paramos II. Macro-and mesoclimate of the campos de altitude and affinities with high mountain cli-mates of the tropical Andes and Costa Rica. Journal of Bioge-ography 26: 713–737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shmida A. and Wilson M.V. 1985. Biological determinants of spe-cies diversity. Journal of Biogeography 12: 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Simpson B.B. and Todzia C.A. 1990. Patterns and processes in the development of the high Andean flora. American Journal of Botany 77: 1419–1432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Smith A.P. 1994. Introduction to tropical alpine vegetation. pp. 1–20. In: Rundel P.W., Smith A.P. and Meinzer F.C. (eds), Tropi-cal Alpine Environments. Plant form and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  41. Smith J.M.B. 1975. Notes on the distributions of herbaceous an-giosperm species in the mountains of New Guinea. Journal of Biogeography 2: 87–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sollins P. 1998. Factors influencing species composition in tropical lowland rain forest: does soil matter? Ecology 79: 23–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. SPSS. 1997. Systat 7.0 for Windows. SPSS, Chicago, Illinois, USA.Google Scholar
  44. Tanner E.V.J., Vitousek P.M., and Cuevas E. 1998. Experimental investigation of nutrient limitation of forest growth on wet tropical mountains. Ecology 79: 10–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana M. Almeida
    • 1
  • Paulo I. Prado
    • 2
  • Thomas M. Lewinsohn
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Zoologia, CPUnicampCampinasBrazil, CEP
  2. 2.NEPAMUnicampCampinasBrazil

Personalised recommendations