A Survey of Small-scale Broiler Production Systems in Botswana
- 274 Downloads
Aspects of husbandry, productivity parameters, diseases, marketing and farmer attitudes in small-scale broiler farms in Botswana were studied using a questionnaire-based survey. The number of broilers per production cycle in small-scale operations ranged from 100 to 2000, with an average of 640. On average, small-scale producers had 4–5 production cycles per annum with an interval of 2–3 weeks between batches. The average marketing age was 48.3 days at a live weight of 1.79 kg and a carcase weight of 1.42 kg. The average feed conversion ratio was estimated to be 2.72 (kg feed/kg live weight) and the average mortality was 9.15%. Overall, the performance indices of broilers under small-scale farm conditions were much poorer than those obtained elsewhere under improved management conditions, but these lower performance levels are suggestive of the potential that exists for further improvement. The survey also identified several areas of concern that constrain the realization of the full potential of this sector. Factors contributing to the poor performance under small-scale farm conditions are complex, but feed supply and quality, chick quality and farmer training appear to be areas for immediate improvement.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Acheampong, C.K., 1996. Revitalizing the poultry industry: Ghana education services measures. Proceedings of the 20th World's Poultry Congress, New Delhi, India, vol. III, 489–93Google Scholar
- Anon., 2001. Cobb 500-Achieving Potential Yielding Value, (The Cobb Breeding Company Ltd, Chelmsford, Essex, UK)Google Scholar
- Central Statistics Office, 1997. Population Projections 1991-2001, (Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, Department of Printing and Publishing Services, Gaborone, Botswana)Google Scholar
- Mayende, P.G., 1994. Bureaucrats and rural development policy: agriculture in Botswana. Development Southern Africa, 11, 495–509Google Scholar
- MFDP, 1995. Financial Assistance Policy: Small Scale Pamphlet, 3rd revision, (Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, Gaborone, Botswana)Google Scholar
- MOA, 1999. Poultry Annual Report, (Department of Animal Health and Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Gaborone, Botswana)Google Scholar
- Mushi, E.Z., Binta, M.G., Chabo, R.G., Ndebele, R.T. and Ramathodi, T., 2000. Diseases and management of indigenous chickens in Oodi, Kgatleng, Botswana. World's Poultry Science Journal, 56, 153–157Google Scholar
- Olver, M.D. and Jonker, A., 1997. Effect of sweet, bitter and soaked micronised bitter lupins on broiler performance. British Poultry Science, 38, 203–208Google Scholar
- Rebaagetse, M.J., 1998. An Overview of the Performance of Agricultural Projects Funded through the Financial Assistance Policy (FAP) for the Period 1982-1998, (Ministry of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Planning and Statistics, Gaborone, Botswana)Google Scholar
- Safalaoh, A., Jesemani, K. and Phoya, R., 1998. A survey of broiler production in the Blantyre Agricultural Development Division, Malawi. Development Southern Africa, 15, 435–450Google Scholar
- SAS Institute, 1997. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Statistics, Version 6.12, (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA).Google Scholar