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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 175–189 | Cite as

Effect of Supplementation of a Basal Diet of Maize Stover with Erythrina variegata, Gliricidia sepium or Leucaena leucocephala on Feed Intake and Digestibility by Goats

  • E.M. Aregheore
  • D. Perera
Article

Abstract

Two 4×4 Latin square design experiments were carried out. In experiment 1, four mature Anglo-Nubian×Fiji local goats, pre-experimental body weight 25.0±0.6 kg, 22– 24 months old, were used to study the effect of supplementation of a basal diet of maize stover with Erythrina variegata (EV), Gliricidia sepium (GS) and Leucaena leucocephala (LL) on dry matter intake (DMI) and nutrient digestibility. Maize stover treated with urea was used as a control diet. E. variegata was higher in crude protein content than LL or GS. The DMI of the urea treated stover diet was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that of the diets of untreated stover supplemented with forage legumes. The DMI was significantly lower (p<0.05) in the GS diet than in the EV or LL diets. Significant (p<0.05) differences existed between the urea-treated stover and the diets of stover supplemented with forage legumes in the digestibility of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), organic matter (OM) and energy. In experiment 2, four mature goats, pre-experimental body weight 27.0±0.3 kg, 24– 28 months old, were used to measure their response when the urea-treated maize stover and the maize stover and forage legume diets were sprayed with molasses. The intake of the urea-treated stover diet sprayed with molasses was significantly lower (p<0.05) that that of the maize stover/forage legume diets sprayed with molasses. The DMI of the diets improved with the addition of molasses. The DMI among the goats offered the maize stover/forage legume diets + molasses did not differ significantly. (p>0.05). Statistically significant (p<0.05) differences were obtained in this second study between the urea-treated stover and the stover supplemented with forage legumes in the digestibility of DM, CP, NDF, OM and energy. The stover supplemented with forage legumes had a higher (p<0.05) nutrient digestibility. The present studies demonstrated that the use of forage legumes as protein supplements improved the feed quality of maize stover in the diets of mature goats. It is suggested that molasses should be sprayed on fresh leaves of Gliricicia sepium and other forage legumes that are initially rejected, in order to improve acceptance and DMI when fed to ruminant animals in confinement or in a cut-and-carry system of production.

digestibility feed intake forage legumes goats maize molasses stover urea 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • E.M. Aregheore
    • 1
  • D. Perera
    • 2
  1. 1.Animal Science Department, School of AgricultureThe University of the South Pacific, Private Mail Bag, Alafua CampusApiaWestern Samoa
  2. 2.The University of the South Pacific, Private Mail Bag, Alafua CampusApiaWestern Samoa

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