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Tribology Letters

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 205–216 | Cite as

Nanometer Scale Chemomechanical Characterization of Antiwear Films

  • M.A. Nicholls
  • P.R. Norton
  • G.M. Bancroft
  • M. Kasrai
  • T. Do
  • B.H. Frazer
  • G. De Stasio
Article

Abstract

We report the first nanometer scale chemical and mechanical (chemomechanical) characterization of selected features of a tribologically derived zinc dialkyl-dithiophosphate (ZDDP) antiwear film. AFM permits identification of the features responsible for preventing wear. These features are identified by nearby microscale fiducial marks, and their mechanical properties are determined by imaging nanoindentation. The same features are then studied by X-ray photoelectron emission microscopy (X-PEEM), which provides both elemental and chemical information at ∼200 nm spatial resolution. The mechanical properties are then determined for the same features, which are formed of a polyphosphate glass. This information provides new insights into the mechanisms by which ZDDP antiwears films are effective at inhibiting asperity contact between two metal surfaces

ZDDP XANES nanoindentation tribology mechanical properties X-ray spectromicroscopy antiwear film 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.A. Nicholls
    • 1
  • P.R. Norton
    • 1
  • G.M. Bancroft
    • 1
  • M. Kasrai
    • 1
  • T. Do
    • 2
  • B.H. Frazer
    • 3
  • G. De Stasio
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd.Chalk RiverCanada
  3. 3.University of Wisconsin-MadisonUSA

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