Tribology Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 1–2, pp 29–36 | Cite as

Z-dol Versus Z-tetraol: Bonding and Durability in Magnetic Hard Disk Application

  • P.H. KasaiEmail author
  • V. Raman


A component-level study has revealed that the durability of magnetic hard disks coated with Z-dol improved with increasing level of relative humidity, while the durability of disks coated with Z-tetraol was generally superior and not affected by the humidity within the range investigated (8–80%). It has been shown earlier that water molecules effectively passivate the catalytic centers responsible for the lubricant degradation. The Z-dol molecular chain has a hydroxyl group at each end, while the Z-tetraol molecular chain has two hydroxyl groups at each end. Having surmised that the superior performance of Z-tetraol can be ascribed to its ability to retain water molecules at its multiply hydroxylated ends, the solubility of water in Z-dol, Z-tetraol, and Z-TX were investigated using proton NMR spectroscopy. The study revealed that Z-tetraol is not only able to retain a much larger number of water molecules at its ends, but also is able to form stronger hydrogen bonds. Z-tetraol would then bond more tightly to the carbon overcoat (via hydrogen bonding with the surface hydroxyl groups), and be more resistant against catalytic degradation owing to its affinity to, and retention of water molecules.

Fomblin Z Z-dol Z-TX Z-tetraol perfluoropolyethers lubricants magnetic hard disks hydrogen bond proton FT-NMR 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IBM Research DivisionAlmaden Research CenterSan Jose, California
  2. 2.IBM Storage Technology DivisionSan Jose, California

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