Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

, Volume 77, Issue 3, pp 231–243 | Cite as

Use of Tissue Culture and Biotechnology for the Genetic Improvement of Watermelon

  • Michael E. ComptonEmail author
  • D.J. Gray
  • Victor P. Gaba


Watermelon is an important vegetable crop world-wide with over 81 million metric tons produced annually. Despite these high production figures, million of metric tons of fruit are lost in fields to disease. Genetic improvement through tissue culture and biotechnology offer potential routes of improving fruit harvest by offering higher quality products, like seedless fruit, or by introducing recombinant genes or generating somaclonal variants with improved resistance to biotic or abiotic stresses. The purpose of this review is to highlight how tissue culture and biotechnology have been used for the genetic improvement of watermelon and provide suggestions for future application of these methods to facilitate further genetic improvement.

Agrobacterium tumefaciens Citrullus lanatus plant breeding 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael E. Compton
    • 1
    Email author
  • D.J. Gray
    • 2
  • Victor P. Gaba
    • 3
  1. 1.School of AgricultureUniversity of Wisconsin-PlattevillePlattevilleUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Food and Agricultural SciencesMid-Florida Research and Education Center, University of FloridaApopkaUSA
  3. 3.Department of VirologyInstitute of Plant ProtectionBet DaganIsrael

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