, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 3–14 | Cite as

The transfer of knowledge from the Spanish public R&D system to the productive sectors in the field of Biotechnology

  • Albert Armando
  • Luis M. Plaza


To determine the capability and resources of the Spanish R & D system to produce knowledge useful for the Biotechnology industries, an analysis of indicators derived from published work, scientific papers cited in US patents and inventions patented, has been carried out. The results show that the number of publications compares well with that of other European countries. The visibility of those publications seems evident as about two thirds of the authors studied have been cited in patents assigned to foreign enterprises, but very few of them have applied for patents. This is analysed in connection with the existing policies.


European Country Scientific Paper Productive Sector Biotechnology Industry Foreign Enterprise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publisher/Akadémiai Kiadó 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert Armando
    • 1
  • Luis M. Plaza
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Información y Documentación Científica (CINDOC) Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)Madrid (Spain

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