Review of Economics of the Household

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 5–22 | Cite as

Analyzing Religiosity within an Economic Framework: The Case of Spanish Catholics

Article

Abstract

Using a sample of Spanish Catholics, we examined the level of religiosity (measured by beliefs, prayer and church attendance) and the relationship between religiosity and various socio-economic variables. An Ordered Logit estimation of religiosity equations showed that: women are more religious than men; religious activity increases with age; there is a (marginally) significant positive relationship between schooling and religiosity; religiosity is positively related to exposure to religious activity during childhood; and male religious activity is positively affected by marital status (being married to a Catholic wife) and by the number of children at home. The results also demonstrate the importance of the "salvation motive" for the two genders and the presence of the "professional utilitarian motive" in male religious behavior.

religiosity prayer church attendance education Spain Ordered Logit 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Azzi, Corry and Ronald G. Ehrenberg. (1975). "Household Allocation of Time and Church Attendance." Journal of Political Economy 83(1), 27-56.Google Scholar
  2. Barro, Robert J. and Rachel M. McCleary. (2002). "Religion and Political Economy in an International Panel." NBER Working Paper No. 8931.Google Scholar
  3. Becker, Gary S. (1960). "An Economic Analysis of Fertility." In Coale et al. (ed.), Demographic and Economic Change in Developing Countries. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 209-240.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, Gary S. (1965). "A Theory of Allocation of Time." Economic Journal 85, 493-517.Google Scholar
  5. Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin. (1997). "Biology, Density and Change: Women's Religiosity and Economic Development." Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 166-178.Google Scholar
  6. Chiswick, Barry R. (1991). "An Economics Analysis of Philanthropy." In Barry A. Kosmin and Paul Ritterband (eds.), Contemporary Jewish Philanthropy in America. Savage, MD: Roman Ex Littlefield, pp. 3-15.Google Scholar
  7. Dolin, Richard A., Frank Slesnick, and John T. Byrd. (1989). "The Organizational Structures of Church and Orthodoxy." Paper Presented at Meetings of Western Economic Association, Lake Tahoe, NV.Google Scholar
  8. Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (1977). "Household Allocation of Time and Religiosity: Replication and Extension." Journal of Political Economy 85(2), 415-423.Google Scholar
  9. Ekelund, Robert B., et al. (1996). Sacred Trust: The Medieval Church as an Economic Firm. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Finke, Roger and Rodney Stark. (1992). The Churching of America 1776–1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Grossbard-Shechtman, Shoshana Amyra and Shoshana Neuman. (1986). "Economic Behavior, Marriage and Religiosity." Journal of Behavioral Economics 15, 71-86.Google Scholar
  12. Hume, David. [1757] (1993). In J.C.A. Gaskin (ed.), The Natural History of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Iannaccone, Laurence R. (1990). "Religious Participation: A Human Capital Approach." Journal of Scientific Study of Religion 29(3), 297-314.Google Scholar
  14. Iannaccone, Laurence R. (1992). "Sacrifice and Stigma: Reducing Free-Riding in Cults, Communes, and Other Collectives." Journal of Political Economy 100(2), 271-297.Google Scholar
  15. Iannaccone, Laurence R. (1998). "Introduction to the Economics of Religion." Journal of Economic Literature 36(3), 1465-1495.Google Scholar
  16. Iannaccone, Laurence R. and Rodney Stark. (1994). "A Supply-Side Reinterpretation of the 'secularization' of Europe." Journal of the Scientific Study of Religion 76-88.Google Scholar
  17. Lenski, Gerhard E. (1963). The Religious Factor. Rev. edn. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  18. Lehrer, Evelyn L. (1996). "Religion as a Determinant of Marital Fertility." Journal of Population Economics 9, 173-196.Google Scholar
  19. Long, Stephen H. and Russell F. Settle. (1977). "Household Allocation of Time and Church Attendance: Some Additional Evidence." Journal of Political Economy 85(2), 409-413.Google Scholar
  20. Miller, Alan S. and Rodney Stark. (2002). "Gender and Religiousness: Can Socialization Explanations be Saved?" American Journal of Sociology 107(6), 1399-1423.Google Scholar
  21. Mincer, Jacob. (1962). "Labor Force Participation of Married Women: A Study of Labor Supply." In H. Gregg Lewis (ed.), Aspects of Labor Economics. Princeton. NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Mincer, Jacob. (1963). "Market Prices, Opportunity Costs, and Income Effects." In Carl F. Christ (ed.), Measurement in Economics: Essays in Honor of Yehuda Grunfeld. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Neuman, Shoshana. (1986). "Religious Observance within a Human Capital Framework: Theory and Application." Applied Economics 18(11), 1193-1202.Google Scholar
  24. Olds, Kelly. (1994). "Privatizing the Church: Disestablishment in Connecticut and Massachusetts." Journal of Political Economy 102(2), 277-297.Google Scholar
  25. Raskovich, Alexander. (1996). "You Shall Have No Other Gods Besides Me: A Legal-Economic Analysis of the Rise of Yahweh." Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 152(3), 449-471.Google Scholar
  26. Rodero, Javier and Pablo Brañas-Garza. (2000). "Hotelling and the Olympus: Modelling Differences in Religious Prices." Central European Journal of Operation Research 8(4), 265-283.Google Scholar
  27. Rodero, Javier, et al. (2003). "Believe or not Believe: Generalising the Azzi-Ehrenberg Model." Cuadernos de Economía 25, 33-44.Google Scholar
  28. Sacerdote, Bruce and Edward L. Glaeser. (2001). "Education and Religion." NBER Working Paper No. 8080, January.Google Scholar
  29. Sawkins John and Ian Paterson. (1996). "An Occupational Analysis of Methodist Local Preachers in Scotland." Mimeo, Department of Economics, Heriot-Wattt University, DP 96/18.Google Scholar
  30. Smith, Adam. [1776] (1965). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. New York: Modern Library.Google Scholar
  31. Stark, Rodney and Roger Finke. (2000). Acts of Faith. University of California Press.Google Scholar
  32. Stolzenberg, Ross M., Mary Blair-Loy and Linda J. Waite. (1995). "Religious Participation in Early Adulthood: Age and Family Life Cycle Effects on Church Membership." American Sociology Review 60(1), 84-103.Google Scholar
  33. Sullivan, Dennis H. (1985). "Simultaneous Determination of Church Contributions and Church Attendance." Economic Inquiry 23(2), 309-320.Google Scholar
  34. Ulbrich, Holley and Myles Wallace. (1983). "Church Attendance, Age, and Belief in the Afterlife: Some Additional Evidence." Atlantic Economic Journal 11(2), 44-51.Google Scholar
  35. Wallis, Joe L. (1990). "Modelling Churches as Collective Action Groups." International Journal of Social Economics 17(1), 59-72.Google Scholar
  36. http://www.conferenciaepiscopal.es/estadisticas/RELIGION.htmGoogle Scholar
  37. http://www.conferenciaepiscopal.es/enseuanza/esstadisticas/religion2000.htmGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of JaénSpain &
  2. 2.IESA-CSICSpain
  3. 3.CEPRLondon
  4. 4.IZABonn

Personalised recommendations