Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 219–234

Mexican Migration to the United States Pacific Northwest

  • Stephen T. Fairchild
  • Nicole B. Simpson


The migration of Mexicans to the Pacific Northwest region(PNW) of the United States has received little attention in scholarly literature. This is unfortunate, as Mexican migration has significantly affected this region, both economically and culturally. Using data supplied by the Mexican Migration Project, we compare the characteristics of Mexican migrantsto the Pacific Northwest with characteristics of Mexicans who migrate to other parts of the U.S. The data reveal significant differences between the two groups: Mexican migrants to the PNW earn lower U.S. wages, are less likely to migrate illegally, and more commonly work in agriculture. They also are more transitory in nature, making more frequent, shorter trips to the U.S. Most interesting is that PNW migrants send significantly more money back home compared to Mexican migrants in other parts of the U.S., even after controlling for the aforementioned differences in individual characteristics.

Mexico migration Pacific Northwest remittances 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bartel, A. (1989). Where do the new U.S. immigrants live? Journal of Labor Economics 7(4): 371–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Borjas, G. (1996). The earnings of Mexican immigrants in the United States, Journal of Development Economics 51: 69–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bustamante, J., Jasso, G., Taylor, E. & Trigueros Legarreta, P. (1998). Characteristics of migrants: Mexicans in the United States, in Migration between Mexico and the United States: Binational Study. Washington D.C.: U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform.Google Scholar
  4. Calavita, K. (1992). Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the INS. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. CPS Utilities. (2002). Annual Demographic and Income, March 1962–2002. College Station, TX: Unicon Research Corporation.Google Scholar
  6. Duleep, H. & Regets, M. (1997). The decline in immigrant entry earnings: Less transferable skills or lower ability? Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance 37: 189–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Durand, J., Kandel, W., Parrado, E. & Massey, D. (1996). International migration and development in Mexican communities, Demography 33(2): 249–264.Google Scholar
  8. Durand, J., Parrado, E. & Massey, D. (1996). Migradollars and development: A reconsideration of the Mexican case, International Migration Review 30(2): 423–444.Google Scholar
  9. Durand, J., Massey, D. & Charvet, F. (2000). The changing geography of Mexican immigration to the United States: 1910–1996, Social Science Quarterly 81(1): 1–15.Google Scholar
  10. Funkhouser, E. (2000). Changes in the geographic concentration and location of residence of immigrants, International Migration Review 34(2): 489–510.Google Scholar
  11. Glytsos, N. (2001). Determinants and effects of migrant remittances: A survey, pp. 250–268 in S. Djajić (ed.), International Migration: Trends, Policies, and Economic Impact. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Massey, D., Durand, J. & Malone, J. (2002). Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  13. Massey, D. & Parrado, E. (1994). Migradollars: The remittances and savings of Mexican migrants to the USA, Population Research and Policy Review 13: 3–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Massey, D. & Zenteno, R. (2000). A validation of the ethnosurvey: The case of Mexico-U.S. migration, International Migration Review 34(3): 766–793.Google Scholar
  15. Mexican Migration Project, MMP71. (2002). MIGFILE. Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania. Available from <www.pop.upenn.edu/mexmig>.Google Scholar
  16. Oaxaca, R. (1973). Male-female wage differentials in urban labor markets, International Economic Review 14(3): 693–709.Google Scholar
  17. Orrenius, P. & Zavodny, M. (2001). Self-selection amount undocumented immigrants from Mexico, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper, 2001–01.Google Scholar
  18. Ruggles, S., Sobek, M. et al. (2003). Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 3.0. Minneapolis: Historical Census Projects, University of Minnesota. Available from <http://www.ipums.org>.Google Scholar
  19. Zavodny, M. (1999). Determinants of recent immigrants' locational choices, International Migration Review 33(4): 1014–1030.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen T. Fairchild
    • 1
  • Nicole B. Simpson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsColgate UniversityHamiltonU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations