Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 21, Issue 11, pp 2112–2119 | Cite as

Polyacetylenes Function as Anti-Angiogenic Agents

  • Li-Wha Wu
  • Yi-Ming Chiang
  • Hsiao-Ching Chuang
  • Sheng-Yang Wang
  • Ga-Wen Yang
  • Ya-Huey Chen
  • Ling-Ya Lai
  • Lie-Fen Shyur


Purpose. To investigate the antiangiogenic effects of plant extracts and polyacetylenes isolated from Bidens pilosa Linn., which is a popular nutraceutical herbal tea and folk medicine in anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and other medications worldwide.

Methods. Anti-cell proliferation, anti-tube formation, and cell migration assays were used for the valuation of bioactivities of target plant extracts and phytocompounds against angiogenesis. Bioactivity-guided fractionation, HPLC, and various spectral analyses were used to identify active fraction and phytocompounds for anti-angiogenesis.

Results. We show that an ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of B. pilosa exhibited significant anti-cell proliferation and anti-tube formation activities against human umbilical vein endothelium cells (HUVEC). Bioassay-guided fractionation led to isolation of one new and one known polyacetylenes, 1,2-dihydroxytrideca-5,7,9,11-tetrayne (1) and 1,3-dihydroxy-6(E)- tetradecene-8,10,12-triyne (2), respectively, from the EA fraction. Compounds 1 and 2 manifested highly specific and significant activities against HUVEC proliferation with IC50 values of 2.5 and 0.375 μg/ml, respectively, however, compound 1 had a more potent effect on preventing tube formation of HUVEC than compound 2 at a dose of 2.5 μg/ml. Western blot analysis showed that both compounds upregulated p27(Kip) or p21(Cip1), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, in HUVEC.

Conclusions. This is the first report to demonstrate that polyacetylenes possess significant anti-angiogenic activities and the ability to regulate the expression of cell cycle mediators, for example, p27(Kip1), p21(Cip1), or cyclin E.

anti-angiogenic activities Bidens pilosa Linn. cell cycle mediators human umbilical vein endothelium cells (HUVEC) polyacetylenes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Wha Wu
    • 1
  • Yi-Ming Chiang
    • 2
  • Hsiao-Ching Chuang
    • 1
  • Sheng-Yang Wang
    • 2
  • Ga-Wen Yang
    • 1
  • Ya-Huey Chen
    • 3
  • Ling-Ya Lai
    • 1
  • Lie-Fen Shyur
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Molecular MedicineNational Cheng Kung University Medical CollegeTainan, TaiwanRepublic of China
  2. 2.Institute of BioAgricultural Sciences, Academia Sinica, TaipeiTaiwanRepublic of China
  3. 3.Institute of Basic Medical SciencesNational Cheng Kung University Medical College, TainanTaiwanRepublic of China

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