Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 61, Issue 3–4, pp 293–301 | Cite as

The Effect of Impurities on the Formation of the Inner Porous Layer in the Cu2O Scale During Copper Oxidation

  • Y. Zhu
  • K. Mimura
  • M. Isshiki


The effect of impurities on the formation of the inner porous layer in the Cu2O scale during copper oxidation was examined using 99.99 (4N), 99.9999% (6N) and floating-zone-refined (FZR, >99.9999) copper specimens at 800° C. Oxidation for 240 min shows that an inner porous layer was formed in the Cu2O scale near the Cu2O/Cu interface for 4N copper, but not for 6N and FZR copper. The results support that the inner porous layer in the oxide scale is related to impurities from the metal base.

copper oxidation purity impurities scale porosity void 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. Mrowec, and T. Werber, Gas Corrosion of Metals, Foreign Scientific publ. Warsaw, 1978), p. 87.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Mrowec, Corrosion Science 7, 563(1967).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Kofstad, Oxidation of Metals 24, 265(1985).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Rapp, Metallurgical Transactions 15A, 765(1984).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O. Kubaschewski, and O. V. Goldbeck, Zeitschrift Fur Metallkunde 39, 158(1946).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. B. Evans, C. A. Phalnikar, and W. M. Baldwin, Journal of Electrochemical Society 103, 367(1956).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Valensi, Metallurgia Italiana 42(77), 104(1950).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Zhu, K. Mimura, and M. Isshiki, Oxidation of Metals 59, 575(2003).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Chujo, High Temperature Oxidation of High Purity Iron, Master Thesis (Tohoku University, Japan, 1999).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Zhu, K. Mimura, Y. Ishikawa, and M. Isshiki, Materials Transaction of JIM 11, 2802(2002). M. Y. Zhu, K. Mimura, and M. Isshiki, Journal of Electrochemistry Society B27, 151(2004).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. Kofstad, High Temperature Corrosion (Elsevier Science Publishing Co. Inc., NY, 1988).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. F. Tylecote, Journal of Institute of Metals 78, 301(1950–1951).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shibayanagi, A. Yoshimoto, and S. Hori, Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals 54, 9(1990).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Suzuki, and G. Ito, Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals 48, 1016(1984).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Wagner, Zeitschrift Fur Physikalische Chemie B21, 25(1933).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. B. Wagner, K. R. Lawless, and A. T. Gwathmey, Transaction of TMS-AIME 221, 257(1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Zhu
    • 1
  • K. Mimura
    • 1
  • M. Isshiki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-kuSendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations