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Natural Hazards

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 455–485 | Cite as

Mitigation of Flooding and Cyclone Hazard in Orissa, India

  • P. Chittibabu
  • S. K. Dube
  • J. B. Macnabb
  • T. S. Murty
  • A. D. Rao
  • U. C. Mohanty
  • P. C. Sinha
Article

Abstract

Storm surges generated by the strong tangential wind stressesand normal atmospheric pressure gradients at the sea surface due to tropical cyclones (TC'S)have been studied with the goal of detecting any significant and systematic changes due to climatechange. Cyclone and storm surge data for the 19th and 20th centuries for the Bay of Bengalcoast of the state of Orissa in India are available to varying degrees of quality and detail,the data being more scientific since the advent of the India Meteorological Department in 1875.Based on more precise data for the period 1971 to 2000, statistical projections have been madeon the probable intensities of tropical cyclones for various return periods. The super cyclone ofOctober 29, 1999 (SC1999) appears to have a return period of about 50 years. The cyclones of1831, 1885 and possibly the one in 1895 could have been super cyclones. During the 19th century,there were 72 flooding events associated with cyclones, whereas in the 20th century therewere only 56 events. There was no observational evidence to suggest that there was an increaseeither in the frequency or intensity of cyclones or storm surges on the coast of Orissa. However,the impact of cyclones and surges is on the increase due to increase of population and coastalinfrastructure.

Keywords

Cyclone 20th Century Atmospheric Pressure Gradient Tropical Cyclone Return Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Chittibabu
    • 2
  • S. K. Dube
    • 1
  • J. B. Macnabb
    • 2
  • T. S. Murty
    • 2
  • A. D. Rao
    • 1
  • U. C. Mohanty
    • 1
  • P. C. Sinha
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Atmospheric SciencesIndian Institute of TechnologyHauz KhasIndia
  2. 2.W.F. Baird & Associates Coastal EngineersOttawaCanada

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