Thyroid Hormone Influences Antioxidant Defense System in Adult Rat Brain
- Cite this article as:
- Das, K. & Chainy, G.B.N. Neurochem Res (2004) 29: 1755. doi:10.1023/B:NERE.0000035812.58200.a9
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The objective of the current study was to find out whether thyroid hormone influences antioxidant defense parameters of rat brain. Several oxidative stress and antioxidant defense parameters of mitochondrial (MF) and post-mitochondrial (PMF) fractions of cerebral cortex (CC) of adult rats were compared among euthyroid (control), hypothyroid [6-n-propylthiouracil (PTU)-challenged], and hyperthyroid (T3-treatment to PTU-challenged rats) states. Oxidative stress parameters, such as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBA-RS) and protein carbonyl content (PC), in MF declined following PTU challenge in comparison to euthyroid rats. On the other hand, when PTU-challenged rats were treated with T3, a significant increase in the level of oxidative stress parameters in MF was recorded. Hydrogen peroxide content of MF as well as PMF of CC was elevated by PTU-challenge and brought to normal level by subsequent treatment of T3. Although mitochondrial glutathione (reduced or oxidized) status did not change following PTU challenge, a significant reduction in oxidized glutathione (GSSG) level was noticed in PMF following the treatment. T3 administration to PTU-challenged rats had no effect on mitochondrial glutathione status. Total and CN-resistant superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in MF of CC augmented following PTU challenge. CN-resistant SOD activity did not change when PTU-challenged rats were treated with T3. Although CN-sensitive SOD activity of PMF remained unaltered in response to PTU challenge, its activity increased when PTU-challenged rats were treated with T3. Catalase activity in PMF of CC of PTU-challenged rats increased, whereas the activity was decreased when hypothyroid rats were treated with T3. Similarly, total and Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities of MF increased following PTU challenge and reduced following administration of T3. Se-independent GPx activity of MF and PMF and glutathione reductase activity of PMF decreased following PTU challenge and did not change further when rats were treated with T3. On the other hand, glutathione S-transferase activity of MF and PMF of CC did not change following PTU challenge but decreased below detectable level following T3 treatment. Results of the current investigation suggest that antioxidant defense parameters of adult rat brain are considerably influenced by thyroid states of the body.