Neurochemical Research

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 177–187 | Cite as

Effects of Phospholemman Expression on Swelling-Activated Ion Currents and Volume Regulation in Embryonic Kidney Cells

  • Cristina E. Davis
  • Manoj K. Patel
  • James R. Miller
  • J. Edward JohnIII
  • Larry R. Jones
  • Amy L. Tucker
  • J. Paul Mounsey
  • J. Randall Moorman
Article

Abstract

Phospholemman (PLM) is a 72-amino-acid phosphoprotein that is a major substrate for cAMP-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C, and NIMA kinase. In lipid bilayers, PLM forms ion channels selective for Cl, K+, and taurine. Effluxes of these abundant intracellular osmolytes play an important role in the control of dynamic cell volume changes in many cell types. We measured swelling-activated ion currents and regulatory volume decrease (RVD) in human embryonic kidney cells stably overexpressing canine cardiac PLM. In response to swelling, two clonal cell lines overexpressing PLM had increased swelling-activated ion current densities and faster and more extensive RVD. A third clonal cell line overexpressing mutant PLM showed reduced ion current densities and a diminished RVD response. These results suggest a role for PLM in the regulation of cell volume, perhaps as a modulator of an endogenous swelling-activated signal transduction pathway or possibly by participating directly in swelling-induced osmolyte efflux.

Regulatory volume decrease cell swelling phospholemman ion channel 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina E. Davis
    • 1
  • Manoj K. Patel
    • 2
  • James R. Miller
    • 2
  • J. Edward JohnIII
    • 2
  • Larry R. Jones
    • 3
  • Amy L. Tucker
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  • J. Paul Mounsey
    • 2
    • 5
  • J. Randall Moorman
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesville
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine (Cardiovascular Division)University of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesville
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineKrannert Institute of Cardiology, Indiana University School of MedicineIndianapolis
  4. 4.Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological PhysicsUniversity of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesville
  5. 5.Department of Cardiovascular Research CenterUniversity of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesville

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