Natural Resources Research

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 173–187 | Cite as

Weights of Evidence Modeling of Mineral Potential: A Case Study Using Small Number of Prospects, Abra, Philippines

  • Emmanuel John M. Carranza


Weights of evidence (WofE) modeling usually is applied to map mineral potential in areas with large number of deposits/prospects. In this paper, WofE modeling is applied to a case study area measuring about 920 km2 with 12 known porphyry copper prospects. A pixel size of 100 m × 100 m was used in the spatial data analyses to represent in a raster-based GIS lateral extents of prospects and of geological features considered as spatial evidence. Predictor maps were created based on (a) estimates of studentized values of positive spatial association between prospects and spatial evidence; (b) proportion of number of prospects in zones where spatial evidence is present; and (c) geological interpretations of positive spatial association between prospects and spatial evidence. Uncertainty because of missing geochemical evidence is shown to have an influence on tests of assumption of conditional independence (CI) among predictor maps with respect to prospects. For the final predictive model, assumption of CI is rejected based on omnibus test but is accepted based on a new omnibus test. The final predictive model, which delineates 30% of study area as zones with potential for porphyry copper, has 83% success rate and 73% prediction rate. The results demonstrate plausibility of WofE modeling of mineral potential in large areas with small number of mineral prospects.

Spatial association uncertainty missing evidence conditional independence new omnibus test porphyry copper GIS 


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Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geology 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel John M. Carranza
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth Systems AnalysisInternational Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)The Netherlands

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