Molecular Breeding

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 301–312 | Cite as

Field evaluation and risk assessment of transgenic indica basmati rice

  • Khurram Bashir
  • Tayyab Husnain
  • Tahira Fatima
  • Zakia Latif
  • Syed Aks Mehdi
  • Sheikh Riazuddin


We report the first field trial of different transgenic lines of Indica Basmati rice (B-370) expressing cry1Ac and cry2A genes. Different transgenic lines were grown under field conditions for two consecutive years, according to RCBD and Split Plot Design respectively. All the biosafety measures were taken into consideration. Sixty neonate larvae of yellow stem borer were artificially infested into each plant in three installments. Data was recorded in terms of dead hearts and white heads at vegetative and flowering stage respectively. Transgenic lines exhibited inherent ability to protect rice plants from target insects (p<0.01). Natural infestations of rice skipper and rice leaf folder were also observed and transgenic plants were statistically superior to their untransformed counterparts. Green house whole plant bioassays were done by infesting two 2nd instar larvae of rice leaf folder per tiller. Transgenics were 96% more resistant than untransformed control plants. The presence of cry genes was observed with Dot blot, PCR and Southern blot analysis, while ELISA and Western blot analysis confirmed the expression of Cry proteins. All lines expressed higher level of Cry proteins when compared with commercially released cultivars of Bt cotton, maize and potato. It was also observed that although toxin titer substantially decreased with increasing age of the plants, it remained well within the limits to kill the target insects. Morphological studies showed significant variation for days to maturity, plant height and panicle length. Cooking qualities of seeds harvested from these lines were compared with the untransformed control. The transgenic lines had no effect on non-target insects (insects belonging to orders other than diptera and lepidoptera) and germination of three local varieties of wheat. Chances of gene spread were calculated at a level of 0.18% cross pollination in experimental lines.

cry1Ac cry2A Infestations Insect resistance Oryza sativaYSB Field testing of Bt rice 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khurram Bashir
    • 1
  • Tayyab Husnain
    • 1
  • Tahira Fatima
    • 1
  • Zakia Latif
    • 1
  • Syed Aks Mehdi
    • 2
  • Sheikh Riazuddin
    • 1
  1. 1.National Center of Excellence in Molecular BiologyUniversity of The PunjabLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Rice Research InstituteKala Shah Kaku, LahorePakistan

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