Climate Change and Energy Technologies



The long time scale of the climate change problem and the inherent nature of the carbon cycle bring important implications for present technology development efforts. Even if major technology improvements are achieved for non-carbon-emitting technologies such as energy-intensity improvements, wind, solar, biomass, and nuclear over the course of the 21st century, most examinations of potential future greenhouse emissions conclude that additional technology development will be required to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations. The evelopment of an expanded suite of technologies including carbon capture and disposal, hydrogen systems and biotechnology hold the potential to dramatically reduce the cost of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations. This paper examines these technologies in the context of a global integrated assessment model of energy, agriculture, land-use, economics, and carbon cycle processes.

biotechnology carbon capture and disposal climate change energy technology hydrogen systems integrated assessment modeling 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryJoint Global Change Research Institute at the University of Maryland in College ParkCollege ParkUSA

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