Truth for Its Own Sake: Academic Culture and Technology Transfer at Johns Hopkins University
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American research universities have long been a source of technical advance for industry, yet few have written on the history of university-industry relationships. This essay examines the evolution of practices and policies at Johns Hopkins University, which was established in 1876 as the first research university in the United States. Although an academic vision shaped its founding culture, the interests of technology transfer increasingly shape that culture. This essay considers the tensions between academic research and commercial orientation and the process of changing university orientation and culture.
KeywordsTechnology Transfer Academic Research Technical Advance American Research Academic Culture
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