, Volume 73, Issue 4, pp 474–481 | Cite as

Community Structure of Yeast Fungi in Forest Biogeocenoses

  • I. A. Maksimova
  • I. Yu. Chernov


The results of longterm studies of yeasts inhabiting soil, plant surfaces, and plant residues in typical subboreal forests of the European part of Russia are summarized. The cell number and species diversity of yeast communities in the array of substrates corresponding to succession stages in plant residue decomposition are shown to steadily decline. Each stage is characterized by its specific set of dominating species. The yeast diversity in forest biogeocenoses is shown to surpass that in other geographic zones. This manifests itself in a greater number of species occurring in similar arrays of substrates, in the absence of conspicuous dominants on the biogeocenotic level, and in a higher differentiation of the yeast population with respect to its habitat type. The forest yeast populations are also characterized by a high diversity of yeasts of ascomycetous affinity and of the anamorphic stages of Taphrinales and Tremellales and by the presence of typical pedobiont species (except Lipomyces spp.).

yeasts forest microbial communities spatial succession array 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1. Zvyagintsev, D.G., Dobrovol'skaya, T.G., Bab'eva, I.P., Zenova, G.M., Lysak, L.V., and Mirchink, T.G., Vertical Stratal Organization of the Microbial Communities of Forest Biogeocenoses, Mikrobiologiya, 1993, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 5–36.Google Scholar
  2. 2. Zvyagintsev, D.G., Dobrovol'skaya, T.G., Bab'eva, I.P., Zenova, G.M., Lysak, L.V., Polyanskaya, L.M., and Chernov, I.Yu., Structural-Functional Organization of Microbial Communities, Problemy fundamental'noi ekologii. Ekologiya v Rossii na rubezhe XXI veka (nazemnye ekosistemy) (Problems in Fundamental Ecology.Ecology in Russia at the Onset of the XXI Century (Terrestrial Ecosystems)), Moscow: Nauchnyi Mir, 1999, pp. 147–180.Google Scholar
  3. 3. Bab'eva, I.P., Golubev, V.I., Kartintsev, A.V., Gorin, S.E., and Zaslavskaya, P.L., The Place of Yeasts in the Structure of Forest and Meadow Biogeocenoses, Vestn. Mosk.Univ., Ser. Biol., Pochvoved., 1973, no.6, pp. 67–73.Google Scholar
  4. 4. Bab'eva, I.P. and Chernov, I.Yu., Geographical Aspects of Yeast Ecology, Physiol. Gen. Biol. Rev., 1995, vol. 9, no.3, pp. 1–54.Google Scholar
  5. 5. Zaitsev, S.A. and Bab'eva, I.P., Investigation of the Associations of Yeasts with Bark Beetles (Ipidae), Izuchenie gribov v biogeotsenozakh (Investigation of Fungi in Biogeocenoses), Leningrad: Nauka, 1977, pp. 56–57.Google Scholar
  6. 6. Golubev, V.I. and Bab'eva, I.P., Yeasts of the Genus Debaryomyces Klock. in Nests of Ants of the Formica rufa L. Group, Ekologiya, 1972, no. 1, pp. 78–82.Google Scholar
  7. 7. Golubev, V.I., Bab'eva, I.P., Blagodatskaya, V.M., and Reshetova, I.S., A Taxonomic Study of Yeasts Isolated from Spring Excretions of a Birch (Betula verrucosa Ehrh.), Mikrobiologiya, 1977, vol. 46, no.3, pp. 564–569.Google Scholar
  8. 8. Bab'eva, I.P., Ecology and Geography of Soil Yeasts, Problemy i metody biologicheskoi diagnostiki i indikatsii pochv (Biological Diagnostics of Soils: Problems and Methods), Moscow: Nauka, 1976, pp. 71–90.Google Scholar
  9. 9. Barnett, J.A., Payne, R.W., and Yarrow, D., Yeasts: Characteristics and Identification,2nd Edition, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  10. 10. The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study. Fourth Revised and Enlarged Edition, Kurtzman, C.P. and Fell, J.W., Eds., Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1998.Google Scholar
  11. 11. Chernov, I.Yu., Bab'eva, I.P., and Reshetova, I.S., Synecology of Yeast Fungi in Subtropical Deserts, Usp.Sovrem. Biol., 1997, vol. 117, no. 5, pp. 584–602.Google Scholar
  12. 12. Andrews, J.H. and Harris, R.F., The Ecology and Biogeography of Microorganisms on Plant Surfaces, Annu.Rev. Phytopathol., 2000, vol.38, pp. 145–180.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13. Bab'eva, I.P. and Gorin, S.E., Pochvennye drozhzhi (Soil Yeasts), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1987.Google Scholar
  14. 14. Roshchina, V.D. and Roshchina, V.V., Vydelitel'naya funktsiya vysshikh rastenii (The Excretory Function of Higher Plants), Moscow: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  15. 15. Chernov, I.Yu.,Synecologic Analysis of Yeast Groups of Taimyr Tundra, Ekologiya, 1985, no. 1, pp. 54–60.Google Scholar
  16. 16. Vinovarova, M.E. and Bab'eva, I.P., Yeast Fungi in Steppe Communities, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. Pochvoved., 1987, no. 2, pp. 43–48.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. A. Maksimova
  • I. Yu. Chernov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations