Environmental conditions were evaluated by element concentrations in hair of children living near the Aral Sea. Hair samples were provided by 63 children living near the Sea (K-district), and 143 children living about 600 km from the Sea (Z-district). PIXE was applied for the determination of elemental concentrations. The concentrations of Br, Na, Hg, and Ni were higher in K-district, and those of Al, Ca, Cr, P, S, and Si were higher in Z-district than in the other district, respectively. It is considered that these results reflect the environmental situation.