Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 235–245

School Belonging, Self-Esteem, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: An Examination of Sex, Sexual Attraction Status, and Urbanicity

  • Renee Vickerman Galliher
  • Sharon Scales Rostosky
  • Hannah K. Hughes

DOI: 10.1023/B:JOYO.0000025322.11510.9d

Cite this article as:
Galliher, R.V., Rostosky, S.S. & Hughes, H.K. Journal of Youth and Adolescence (2004) 33: 235. doi:10.1023/B:JOYO.0000025322.11510.9d


Using data from Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; Bearman, P. S., Jones, J., and Udry, J. R., 1997), we conducted multivariate analyses to examine three indicators of psychosocial adjustment (school belonging, self-esteem, depressive symptoms) and their associations with sexual attraction status, sex, and urbanicity. In general, sexual minority adolescents reported lower psychological adjustment than adolescents endorsing other-sex attractions only, with sexual minority females at particular risk. Further, differential patterns of risk for sexual minority youth emerged across rural, urban, and suburban communities. We conclude by discussing implications of these findings for addressing the psychosocial needs of sexual minority adolescents.

sexual minority adolescence adjustment 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renee Vickerman Galliher
    • 1
  • Sharon Scales Rostosky
    • 2
  • Hannah K. Hughes
    • 3
  1. 1.Clinical PsychologyUtah State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Counseling PsychologyUniversity of KentuckyUSA
  3. 3.Educational PsychologyUniversity of KentuckyUSA

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