Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 233–251 | Cite as

School-Based Skills Training to Prevent Aggressive Behavior and Peer Rejection in Childhood: Evaluating the Making Choices Program

  • Paul R. Smokowski
  • Mark W. Fraser
  • Steven H. Day
  • Maeda J. Galinsky
  • Martica L. Bacallao


This paper reports findings from an evaluation of a school-based prevention program, called Making Choices, which was designed to decrease childhood aggression and peer rejection by teaching children social problem solving and relationship enhancement skills. Using a pre- to post-test control group design, 51 third graders received the intervention program and 50 received the no-intervention control condition. Controlling for pretest scores, children who received the Making Choices intervention had significantly higher scores on social contact, cognitive concentration, and displayed significantly lower overt aggression. Important moderation effects surfaced, indicating that the intervention differentially benefitted high-risk children.

aggressive behavior universal prevention skills-training peer rejection 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul R. Smokowski
    • 1
  • Mark W. Fraser
    • 1
  • Steven H. Day
    • 1
  • Maeda J. Galinsky
    • 1
  • Martica L. Bacallao
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillNorth Carolina

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