Remating Behavior of Cnephasia jactatana Walker Females (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
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Cnephasia jactatana Walker is an important pest of kiwifruit in New Zealand. We investigated, under laboratory conditions, the effects of multiple mating on the reproductive performance of C. jactatana females and how such effects varied with male virginity and larval nutrition. We found that in permanent pairs, remating increased female fecundity and fertility but suboptimally fed females benefited more from remating. Regardless of this benefit, mass-reared pairs had a lower remating frequency. Females remating with a virgin male or a male that had delivered a spermatophore presented similar fecundity and fertility; however, females receiving a second ejaculate from a virgin male had increased daily fecundity. Female weight clearly affected remating behavior since those that received a second ejaculate were significantly heavier. Neither mating length nor size of the first spermatophore influenced female remating. Further, mass-reared and individually reared males produced spermatophores of similar size.
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