Journal of Immigrant Health

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 145–153 | Cite as

Depressive Symptoms in the Immediate Postpartum Period Among Hispanic Women in Three U.S. Cities

  • Wen-Hung Kuo
  • Tracey E. Wilson
  • Susan Holman
  • Elena Fuentes-Afflick
  • Mary Jo O'Sullivan
  • Howard Minkoff

Abstract

The aim of this was to examine rates and determinants of depressive symptomatology in the immediate postpartum period among Hispanic women in the United States. A total of 3952 Hispanic women who had delivered infants (parturients) were interviewed in postpartum wards in Miami, New York City and San Francisco. Symptoms of depression were regressed onto a series of social, psychological, and socioeconomic variables. Results showed that 42.6% of participants were probable cases of depression (CES-D ≥ 16). Depression was negatively associated with perceived level of social support (adjusted OR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.53–0.67) and health insurance coverage (adjusted OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.49–0.95), but not with the degree of acculturation or immigration status. It was found that depressive symptoms are common among Hispanic parturients. Pregnant Hispanic women should be carefully monitored for signs of depression and appropriate preventive measures are needed.

depressive symptoms postpartum Hispanics immigrant acculturation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen-Hung Kuo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Tracey E. Wilson
    • 1
  • Susan Holman
    • 1
  • Elena Fuentes-Afflick
    • 6
  • Mary Jo O'Sullivan
    • 7
  • Howard Minkoff
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Community HealthState University of New York Downstate Medical CenterBrooklyn
  2. 2.National Development and Research Institute, Inc.New York
  3. 3.Medical and Health Research Association of New York CityNew York
  4. 4.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMaimonides Medical CenterBrooklyn
  5. 5.Department of Public HealthTemple UniversityPhiladelphia
  6. 6.Department of PediatricsUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan Francisco
  7. 7.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of MiamiMiami

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