Forming Life Satisfaction among Different Social Groups during the Modernization of China

  • Chau-Kiu CheungEmail author
  • Kwan-Kwok Leung


Quality of life has become a notable concern in the modernization of China. However, there are no adequate data to chart the formation of quality of life, in terms of life satisfaction, and in relation to the societal conditions of modernization. Moreover, it is still a question concerning how life satisfaction forms among people of different social groups, differentiated by class, education, age, and gender. To answer the questions, the present study involved a random sample survey of 732 inhabitants in Beijing. Results indicate the contributions of income, age, perceived modern economic conditions in society, and satisfaction with societal economic conditions. In contrast, education and the ownership class appear to predict lower life satisfaction. Furthermore, there are significant variations in the effects of the factors in predicting the life satisfaction of people in different social groups. Notably, perceived economic conditions appear to be less important to people of higher class positions.

life satisfaction modernization economic conditions political conditions class stratification Beijing. 


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Social StudiesCity University of Hong KongKowloonHong Kong, PRC; E-mail

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