Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1297–1303 | Cite as

Sex Pheromone of Queens of the Slave-Making Ant, Polyergus breviceps

  • Les Greenberg
  • Ali Aliabadi
  • J. Stephen McElfresh
  • Howard Topoff
  • Jocelyn G. Millar
Article

Abstract

The sex attractant pheromone produced in mandibular glands of queens of the slave-making ant Polyergus breviceps has been identified as a blend of methyl 6-methylsalicylate and 3-ethyl-4-methylpentanol. In field trials, each compound alone was completely unattractive to males, whereas blends of the two compounds attracted hundreds of males within a couple of hours.

Polyergus breviceps queen sex pheromone methyl 6-methylsalicylate 3-ethyl-4-methylpentanol ant Formicidae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Ayasse, M., Paxton, R. J., AND Tengo, J. 2001. Mating behaviour and chemical communication in the order Hymenoptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 46:31–78.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. BÜhring, M., Francke, W., AND Heemann, V. 1976. Flüchtige Inhaltstoffe der Waldamcisen Formica rufa L. und polyctena Först. Z. Naturforsch. 31c:748–749Google Scholar
  3. Castracani, C., Di Tullio, A., Grasso, D. A., Visicchio, R., Mori, A., Le Moli, F., Reale, S., AND De Angelis, F. 2003. Determination of the mandibular gland secretion of Polyergus rufescens queens by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Mass Spectrom. 38:1288–1289.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Francke, W., Borchert, J., AND Klimetzek, D. 1985. Volatile constituents of the Red Wood Ant Formica rufa L. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Z. Naturforsch. 40c:661–664.Google Scholar
  5. Nascimento, R. R., Do Billen, J., AND Morgan, E. D. 1993. The exocrine secretions of the jumping ant, Harpegnathos saltator. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 104B:505–508.Google Scholar
  6. Pawliszyn, J. 1997. Solid Phase Microextraction: Theory and Practice. Wiley-VCH, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Seidel, J. L., Epstein, W. W., AND Davidson, D. W. 1990. Neotropical ant gardens I. Chemical constituents. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:1791–1816.Google Scholar
  8. Topoff, H. 1999. Slave-making queens. Scientific American 281:84–90.Google Scholar
  9. Topoff, H. AND Greenberg, L. 1988. Mating behaviour of the socially parasitic ant Polyergus breviceps: The role of the mandibular glands. Psyche 95:81–87.Google Scholar
  10. Walter, F., Fletcher, D. J. C., Chautems, D., Cherix, D., Keller, L., Francke, W., Fortelius, W., Rosengren, R., AND Vargo, E. L. 1993. Identification of the sex pheromone of an ant, Formica lugubris (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Naturwissen. 80:30–34.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Les Greenberg
    • 1
  • Ali Aliabadi
    • 1
  • J. Stephen McElfresh
    • 1
  • Howard Topoff
    • 2
  • Jocelyn G. Millar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiverside
  2. 2.Portal

Personalised recommendations