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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 1891–1900 | Cite as

Volatile, Potential Attractants from Ripe Coffee Fruit for Female Mediterranean Fruit Fly

  • J. D. Warthen
  • C.-J. Lee
  • E. B. Jang
  • D. R. Lance
  • D. O. McInnis
Article

Abstract

Twenty-eight volatile compounds from freshly crushed, ripe, dark red coffee fruit, Coffea arabica, were identified by dynamic headspace analysis techniques. Identifications were made on the basis of a comparison of Kovats indices and GC-MS spectra for unknowns and authentic samples. Of the compounds identified, 10 were alcohols, nine were aldehydes, five were ketones, and four were monoterpenes. The five most abundant volatiles in decreasing order were hexanal (21%), 2-(E)-hexenal (11%), 3-methyl-1-butanol (9.0%), 3-methyl-1-butanal (8.5%), and 1-hexanol (8.4%). The five least abundant volatiles of the 28 identified, in increasing order, were decanal (0.19%), methyl hexanoate (0.33%), pulegone (0.44%), α-isomenthone (0.45%), and 2-nonanone (0.55%). In preliminary tests, many of the identified volatiles attracted more female Mediterranean fruit flies than the control.

Coffee fruit Coffea arabica host Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata medfly analysis of volatiles attractant lure Diptera Tephritidae 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Warthen
    • 1
  • C.-J. Lee
    • 1
  • E. B. Jang
    • 2
  • D. R. Lance
    • 3
  • D. O. McInnis
    • 4
  1. 1.Insect Chemical Ecology Laboratory, BARC-WUSDA, ARSBeltsville
  2. 2.Tropical Fruit & Vegetable Research LaboratoryUSDA, ARSHilo
  3. 3.Hawaii Plant Protection CenterUSDA, APHIS, PPQWaimanalo
  4. 4.Tropical Fruit & Vegetable Research LaboratoryUSDA, ARSHonolulu

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