Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 1505–1515 | Cite as

Cotesia glomerata Female Wasps Use Fatty Acids from Plant–Herbivore Complex in Host Searching

  • Mayumi Horikoshi
  • Junji Takabayashi
  • Shuichi Yano
  • Ryohei Yamaoka
  • Naota Ohsaki
  • Yoshibumi Sato
Article

Abstract

Cotesia glomerata parasitizes early instars of the cabbage butterfly,Pieris rapae, in Japan. Female wasps antennatedRorippa indica leaves damaged by feeding ofP. rapae larva, but ignored artificially damaged leaves. Females also antennated filter paper containingR. indica leaf juice plusP. rapae regurgitant. Chemical analysis revealed five compounds in higher amounts in the infested edges of leaves than in artificially damaged edges. Among them, we identified palmitic acid, oleic acid, and stearic acid. Female wasps antennated filter paper containing each of these three acids. We discuss the function of these acids in the tritrophic context.

Cotesia glomerata Pieris rapae Rorippa indica plant–herbivore complex palmitic acid oleic acid stearic acid tritrophic interaction antennation 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mayumi Horikoshi
    • 1
  • Junji Takabayashi
    • 2
  • Shuichi Yano
    • 2
  • Ryohei Yamaoka
    • 1
  • Naota Ohsaki
    • 3
  • Yoshibumi Sato
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Applied BiologyKyoto Institute of TechnologyMatsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, KyotoJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Ecological Information, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Laboratory of Insect Ecology, Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  4. 4.Kyoto College of Medical TechnologySonobe, Funai-gun, KyotoJapan

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